Introduction

Product photography by Dan Bracaglia

The G100 is a 20MP Micro Four Thirds mirrorless camera designed explicitly for vloggers and content creators. It features a 'tracking' audio system that works in conjunction with the camera's face detection system and a flip-out screen that, by default, engages several easy-to-use modes.

Above all, though, Panasonic has done its best to make the camera as small as possible. We'll find out more about the tradeoffs involved as we discuss the specifications in more detail.



Key specifications

  • 20MP Four Thirds CMOS sensor
  • Electronic image stabilization (works in sync with in-lens IS)
  • Directional audio with tracking mode
  • Fully articulated high-brightness 1.84M-dot LCD panel
  • 3.68M-dot equivalent electronic viewfinder
  • Video up to 4K/30p and FHD up to 120p with slow/quick options
  • Mechanical shutter extends to 1/500 sec, electronic shutter to 1/16,000 sec

The G100 is available in a variety of kits, including one that bundles it with a small tabletop tripod/selfie grip.

In the US, the camera is offered with the compact, stabilized 12-32mm F3.5-5.6 lens for $749 or with the 12-32mm and selfie grip for $799. Options with the larger, more flexible 12-60mm are available in other territories.


What's new and how it compares

With Panasonic's explicit focus on vlogging, it should come as no surprise that the bulk of the G100's stand-out features relate either to video or serve an intent on the part of the company's designers to keep the camera small and light.

'OZO' directional audio

The three microphones (one on either side of the viewfinder, near the front, the third at the back right) are used to provide a series of direction-specific audio response patterns. There's also a tracking mode, linked to face detection, that reduces background noise coming from other directions.

The most distinctive feature of the G100 is its directional audio modes. These offer a series of ways of using the camera's three built-in microphones, including technology licensed from Nokia's 'OZO' VR project.

The microphones have a front, rear or surround pickup pattern, but also include a 'tracking' mode that adjusts the mic response direction based on the camera's face detection system. The audio is adjusted to pick up audio from the direction of the recognized face, and to actively reduce the input from other directions, limiting background noise sources.

In the camera's default 'Auto' mode, the camera will use tracking mode if there's a face present and surround mode if there isn't.

5-axis EIS stabilization

The G100 doesn't include a physical image stabilization system, instead using an electronic IS (EIS) system in video mode that can work in sync with in-lens stabilization.

The G100 offers an electronic image stabilization system that uses the gyroscope sensors and algorithms from Panasonic's sensor-shift IS systems. However, it imposes significant crops on the footage.

This means lens-only IS when shooting stills, but with the option of five-axis digital correction in 1080 mode and four-axis stabilization when capturing 4K.

Panasonic says the EIS system in the G100 uses the same sensors and algorithms as its physical systems, but selects the area of the sensor being used, rather than physically moving the sensor itself. This requires that the video gets cropped-in.

Forward-facing simplicity

The camera switches to a simple 'Self Shot' mode when you turn the screen to face forward.

I can scarcely believe it, but the G100 includes a simplified Self-Shot mode for shooting videos of yourself with the screen flipped forwards.

This engages face detection and tracking audio mode, as well as popping-out an onscreen touchscreen tab from which you can select a series of functions you might want access to, including options such as Skin Smoothing, Effect Filters and Background Control, which blurs the background.

By default the camera also applies a three-second self-timer to both stills and video shooting in Self Shot mode. Touch Shutter is engaged but there are also options such as firing the shutter when two faces are placed next to one another.

You can turn off 'Self Shot' mode to get the camera's standard interface, if you prefer

In the menus you can change whether AF is initiated before or after the 3-second countdown has happened, or you can turn off 'Self Shot' mode entirely.

To make it easy to tell when the camera is recording, a red frame appears around the screen when it's capturing footage.

Video modes

The G100 offers a range of video modes including UHD 4K and Full HD, with fast and slow-mo options in the latter.

Frame rates Bitrates Recording limit
UHD 4K*

30 / 24p 100 Mbps 10 minutes
Full HD 60p 28 Mbps 20 minutes
30 / 24p 20 / 24 Mbps
respectively
29:59
Full HD Quick 120 fps - As 1/2 speed 60p or 1/4 speed 30p. 60 fps as 1/2 speed 30p 10 minutes
Full HD Quick 2x, 4x or 8x for both 60 and 30p output. 29:50
*Numbers are for NTSC region. PAL units offer multiples of 50 and 25p, in addition to the NTSC options.

The slow/quick modes continue to provide autofocus, though do not capture audio.

Video features

The G100 inherits a number of features from Panasonic's higher-end video cameras, including the 8-bit variant of the V-Log L gamma curve, and the on-screen VU audio meters, to help with setting volume levels.

The G100 also gains the ability to show framing guides for a variety of aspect ratios. These include 1:1 and 9:16, so you can shoot content for YouTube, but make sure that the action all takes place in a region that can be best-cropped for Instagram.

The G100 can also shoot vertical video, including all necessary metadata within the files to ensure they're played back in that orientation.

Shutter mechanism

The G100 uses an electronic first curtain shutter that limits its flash sync speed to 1/50th seconds. This limits the ability to use the camera's built-in flash as 'fill' to counteract shadows.

The G100 has a built-in flash, but the 1/50th maximum sync speed means it's not very effective for 'fill' flash in bright conditions.

By default the G100 will auto-switch between electronic first curtain and full electronic shutter but we found the camera would only use the electronic shutter when it absolutely had to, with P and Auto modes often using very small apertures to avoid using the fully electronic shutter, resulting in soft images.

Selfie grip

There's a selfie grip/tripod (DMW-SHGR1) designed to match the G100. It connects via the camera's USB port and includes shutter, REC and 'sleep' buttons, for arms-length operation of the camera. It also doubles as a tabletop tripod. It is usually less expensive when bought as a kit with the camera and feels pretty inexpensive.

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How it compares

The obvious camera to compare the Panasonic against is the Sony ZV-1. They're two rather different attempts to make vlogging cameras from a mixture of existing components and interesting ideas (tracking audio in the case of the G100, vlogging-specific AF modes on the Sony).

We've also lined it up next to two Canon cameras that are popular with vloggers: the M50 Mark II, which has reliable Dual Pixel AF, and the compact PowerShot G7 X Mark III.

Panasonic
DC-G100/G110
Sony ZV-1 Canon EOS M50 Mark II Canon G7 X Mark III
MSRP
with lens
$749 $749 $700 $749
Pixel count 20MP 20MP 24MP 20MP
Sensor size Four Thirds
(225mm2)
1"-type
(116mm2)
APS-C
(332mm2)
1"-type
(116mm2)
Autofocus method DFD (Contrast-detection) Phase detection Dual Pixel phase detection Contrast detection
Built in mics 3 3 2 2
Stabilization
  • Stills: if IS lens used
  • 1080 video: 5-axis EIS
  • 4K video: 4-axis EIS
  • Stills: Lens
  • Video: Lens and EIS
  • Stills: if IS lens used
  • Video: EIS
  • Stills: Lens
  • Video: Lens and EIS
Viewfinder 3.69M-dot equivalent None 2.36M dots None
Rear screen 1.84M dots
fully-articulating
0.92M dots
fully-articulating
1.04M dots
full-articulating
1.04M dots
flip-up screen
4K video 30 / 24p 30p / 24p 24p 30 / 24p
Video rec time
(Default mode)

4K: 10 min
1080/60: 20 min
1080/30: 29:59

4K: 5 min*

To card/battery capacity To card/battery capacity
4K crop
(vs full width)
EIS Off: 1.26x
EIS Std: 1.37x
EIS High: 1.79x
IS Off: 1.08
IS Std: 1.08
IS High: 1.19

IS Off: 1.55x
IS Std: 1.73x
IS High: 2.22x

IS Off: 1.00
IS Std: 1.11x
IS High: 1.43x
1080 crop
(vs full width)
EIS Off: 1.00x
EIS Std: 1.09x
EIS High: 1.43x
IS Off: 1.00x
IS Std: 1.00x
IS High: 1.09x

IS Off: 1.00x
IS Std: 1.11x
IS High: 1.43x

IS Off: 1.00x
IS Std: 1.11x
IS High: 1.43x
Mic input 3.5mm 3.5mm
(XLR via adapter)
3.5mm 3.5mm
Headphone socket No No No No
Battery life (CIPA) LCD/EVF 270 / 250 260 / – 305 / 250 235 / –
Weight (with kit zoom) 412g 294g 387g 304g
Dimensions

116 x 83 x 54 mm

106 x 60 x 44 mm 116 x 88 x 59 mm 105 x 61 x 41 mm
* In standard mode. Overheat limits can be disengaged, allowing essentially unlimited recording but with the risk of the camera becoming hot.

The more sophisticated microphones of the Panasonic and Sony are highlights, but the video crops are the detail worth paying most attention to. Cropping video not has the potential to affect image quality but it also makes it hard to capture a wide-angle field of view.

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Body and handling

The G100 (left) is appreciably smaller than the mid-sized G95 with which it shares a sensor.

Key Takeaways:

  • G100 is small but with substantial, DSLR-style grip and large viewfinder
  • Fully articulated touchscreen is suitably bright for outdoor working
  • Menus are long but well organized, with a good degree of customization allowed
  • Battery life is reasonable, rather than impressive: you'll need to plan around this for shooting long videos

The G100 is an impressively small camera, seemingly owing as much to the GM lineup of cameras as any of Panasonic's current models. We're already covered the implications of this downsizing (the simplified shutter mechanism and electronic image stabilization system). In the hand, the camera feels dense and solidly built, without being excessively heavy.

The use of such a small body provides room for a prominent command dial on the front lip of the camera, surrounding the shutter button. However, there's no backward-facing dial as could be found on the GM5, and instead there's a rather fiddly dial around the four-way controller which acts as a secondary control point.

Fully articulated display

As you'd expect from a camera aimed at vloggers, the screen can be flipped forward to aim it at themselves.

The G100 has a remarkably bright 1.84M-dot LCD that rotates nearly 180 degrees forward so you can see what you're recording when facing the camera.

The G100 also includes a built-in viewfinder for when you're not vlogging. It projects its three primary colors one after another but does so fast enough that there aren't too many distracting artefacts. Overall it's a good-sized finder that's useful when it's too bright to see the screen.

User interface and menus

Other than the 'Self shot' mode, most of the G100's interface is pretty standard for a modern Panasonic camera.

The main menu is fairly straightforward, with options separated into fairly logical tabs. The most complex of these - the Custom Settings tab - is sub-divided into five sections to make it easier to find the setting you're looking for.

The main menu is fairly logically arranged. The tab at the top left varies, depending on which drive mode you've selected.

The bottom-most tab is a customizable 'My Menu' tab

There's a customizable 'My Menu' tab if there are menu settings you regularly find yourself needing to change.

You get a different version of the menu with a video, rather than camera tab at the top left, if you set the mode dial to Creative Movie mode. Similarly there's a different initial tab in the Slow&Quick mode.

Q.Menu

There's also a Q.Menu that appears as an overlay on the live view while you're shooting.

This is the 'Preset' version of the camera's Q.Menu, that you get by default.

By default this arrays a series of settings along the top and bottom of the screen, but there's also a Custom option (Custom Settings > Operation > Q.Menu) that lets you select up to fifteen settings that appear in a more touchscreen-friendly display.

In use

For the most part, the menus and button arrangement will be fairly familiar to anyone with experience of other Panasonic bodies. The menus are laid out logically enough that you can find options pretty quickly without having to memorize their location and, between the custom buttons the customizable Q.Menu and the My Menu tab, it's easy enough to give yourself access to the settings you find yourself regularly wanting to change.

This is an example of the 'Custom' form of the Q.Menu, customized here to group video-related settings together. Up to 15 options can be arranged over up to three pages.

The irritations we had tended to relate more to the things you can't change. You can't re-define or disengage the functions assigned to the cardinal points of the four-way controller. Between this and the imprecise secondary dial and the easily pressed four-way controller, we managed to accidentally shoot a whole sequence of images in manual WB, rather than Auto.

Battery

The battery and memory card are located behind the same door on the base of the camera. The tripod socket is nearby (on-axis with the lens), but just far enough away that the door can still open when the camera is mounted on the accessory selfie tripod/grip.

The Panasonic G100 uses a DMW-BLG10 battery with a capacity of 7.4Wh. This provides a CIPA battery life rating of 270 shots per charge, without relying on a mode that puts the camera to sleep all the time. It's not a great figure but it's typical for a camera in this class, and is likely to be sufficient for a day or so's shooting without too much concern.

The camera can be recharged via its Micro-USB socket. A wall adapter is provided but there's no external charger for keeping a spare battery at-the-ready.

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Image quality

The G100 shoots attractive JPEGs and its compact size makes it a decent travel companion.

We primarily shot in Intelligent Auto mode while shooting stills with the G100 and were impressed by the quality of out-of-camera JPEGs. The images shot with the G100 have a nice amount of contrast and colors that popped; generally speaking these are stills that wouldn’t need a lot of post processing to get them ready to share on social platforms or dropped into a video.

The G100 is built around a 20MP Four Thirds CMOS sensor and although the image quality is great when shooting outside in sunny conditions and low ISOs, it starts to degrade at ISOs above 3200. The camera has a pop-up flash for shooting in low-light situations, but it’s pretty overpowering and will leave your subjects looking rather washed out.

When shooting in Intelligent Auto mode the G100 does a very good job of figuring out what you are trying to shoot, and adjusting its settings to match. The face detection makes it particularly good for shooting portraits, but during our time with the camera we found that it was also good at identifying and automatically switching into Landscape mode and Macro mode.

The relatively large sensor and ability to swap lenses means the G100 will do a reasonable job in low light.

Since the G100 is primarily aimed at vloggers and content creators it’s important that it can produce good-looking stills even if the photographer lacks technical know-how, and on that level the G100 succeeds. The G100 does a good job of metering and the out-of-camera JPEGs are generally quite good. The camera gives users the ability to edit Raw files in-camera to adjust settings like white balance, contrast, highlights, shadows, saturation and shadows.

There are also some JPEG processing modes more akin to smartphone filters. A setting called 'Clear Retouch' allows users to remove distracting elements from the frame in-camera. In selfie-mode the G100 gives the option to apply skin smoothing, facial slimming and automatic background defocus while shooting, if you want to use these settings, make sure to apply them before you hit record - there isn’t an option to apply them after the fact.

A selfie with skin smoothing, facial slimming and background defocus applied. For comparison, this image only has background defocus applied and this one has facial slimming turned up to its maximum setting. I can't imagine using them myself, but I guess it depends how 'airbrushed' you want your life to look on Instagram.

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Autofocus

When shooting stills the autofocus on the G100 is pretty impressive. It’s good at detecting faces and eyes and holding onto focus even if your subject is moving around. The video autofocus is a different story though. The autofocus in video mode does a lot of distracting focus hunting, knocking subjects in and out of focus with even the slightest movements. It’s better when the camera is in vlogging mode and the algorithm for tracking faces and eyes kicks in. If you are planning to use the camera for capturing 'walk-and-talk' footage and combine it with video sequences, that wandering autofocus will likely be a dealbreaker.

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Video

Image stabilization and video autofocus work best on the G100 when the camera is flipped into vlogging mode and shooting at 1080p where it can utilize the digital 5-axis image stabilization: especially if you are shooting with the 12-32mm lens which includes optical image stabilization. When you start shooting in 4K mode the camera uses a cropped central region of the sensor to create the image, and those crops get even tighter when you switch into a 4K digital stabilization mode

Although 12mm sounds wide, when the camera is in vlogging mode and held at arm’s length with the selfie grip, the frame is quite tight. If you are a content creator doing a lot of walk-and-talk format videos you will typically want something with a wider field-of-view so that your viewers can see your face and whatever environment you happen to be in. This issue becomes even more pronounced if you aren’t a six-foot-tall person with long arms. We found the video crop to be a little too close when shooting 1080p, swapping into 4K IS mode makes the crop uncomfortably close.

1080p clip showing the G100's image stabilization performance

I've been impressed by how well the audio tracking did when the G100 was in vlogging mode. It generally did a good job of following my voice when the camera was pointing at me, cutting down the sound of the river behind me. It’s not at great as cutting down on wind noise, but the G100 does feature a mic input which would likely help in windy situations. Unfortunately, as is the case with the majority of cameras aimed at vloggers, the camera lacks a headphone input so there is no way to monitor your audio quality as you are shooting.

When the camera isn’t in vlogging mode the autofocus tends to struggle, even with slow moving subjects. During our time with the camera I noticed a lot of focus hunting even when recording relatively simple scenes.

Recording time while shooting in 4K tops out at 10 minutes and 29:59 in 1080p mode. These time limits could be an issue for long-winded vloggers or anyone trying to use the camera to capture behind-the-scenes footage or record a performance.

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Conclusion

What we like What we don't
  • Compact body with a viewfinder makes it a great choice for photographers on-the-go

  • Ability to edit Raw images in camera

  • Directional audio tracking

  • Choice of lenses
  • In-camera charging is handy
  • Focus hunting while in video mode, mediocre performance of IS in video mode
  • Extreme crop when shooting in 4K
  • 10 minute recording time in 4K, 29:59 in 1080p
  • Internal flash won't work as 'fill'

If you assess the G100 as a camera designed for vloggers, you ultimately end up with a camera that is trying to do a lot of innovative things, but failing to do any of them particularly well. The audio tracking capabilities are pretty impressive, but they don’t mean much when you are dealing with a camera that struggles to hold autofocus and has such a tight crop in 4K mode that it’s useless for walk-and-talk style vlogging shots (without a really wide lens attached).

As a stills camera the G100 fairs slightly better. It has a nice viewfinder, a bright LCD screen, the ability to change lenses and an extremely compact body. The autofocus is good, as are the out-of-camera JPEGs and the ability to edit Raw images in camera makes this more appealing to someone who wants to quick share what they're shooting.

Although the audio-tracking is clever and works quite well, it’s just not enough to make this a camera we’d recommend for vlogging. If you're in the market for a vlogging camera, we think the Sony ZV-1 makes a lot more sense thanks to its autofocus capabilities and its directional 3-capsule microphone.

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Sample gallery

Please do not reproduce any of these images without prior permission (see our copyright page). We make the originals available for private users to download to their own machines for personal examination or printing (in conjunction with this review).

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Panasonic Lumix DC-G100 scoring

Scoring is relative only to the other cameras in the same category. Click here to learn about the changes to our scoring system and what these numbers mean.

Panasonic Lumix DC-G100 (Lumix DC-G110)
Category: Entry Level Interchangeable Lens Camera / DSLR
Build quality
Ergonomics & handling
Features
Metering & focus accuracy
Image quality (raw)
Image quality (jpeg)
Low light / high ISO performance
Viewfinder / screen rating
Performance
Movie / video mode
Connectivity
Value
PoorExcellent
Conclusion
The G100 is designed to be a camera for vloggers and content creators but its severe crop in video (especially if you want stabilization) and its inconsistent AF undermine it for that task. It's a capable enough small interchangeable lens camera but one whose special features aren't particularly usable.
Good for
Photography when you have to travel light
Not so good for
Vlogging, if you need 4K or stabilization
78%
Overall score

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