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The DJI Air 2S is exactly what many drone enthusiasts have been asking for: a consumerdrone with a 1"-type camera sensor that's budget-friendly. Does it live up to the hype? In our opinion, yes.
A short explanation of RAW to the uninitiated - RAW simply means data direct from the sensor's analog to digital converter (in the case of the D70 12 bits per pixel) which hasn't been processed in any way. The actual RAW file written to the storage card consist of a header which contains the current camera settings (parameters, exposure, white balance selection etc.) followed by this RAW data itself. The D70 writes RAW files in Nikon's .NEF compressed format which produces RAW files around 5.4 MB in size. RAW is considered to be 'the digital negative' as it represents the unaltered image data directly as it was captured and can therefore be processed in many different ways. (Note that the compression used for NEF files is lossless, it's a bit like Zip compression).
Unfortunately there is no industry standard for RAW (lots of reasons for this, not least of which are the variances in sensor design and image processing). This means you can't view RAW files in most photo applications like you can with JPEG (although more and more are adding specialized RAW support).
To convert RAW images you have an expanding range of options, supplied with the D70 is the new Picture Project application (the successor to the long running Nikon Viewer) which has basic RAW conversion with digital exposure compensation and white balance adjustment. To go further with RAW you will need to use either the excellent Nikon Capture (currently at version 4) or a third party RAW conversion application; these include Adobe Photoshop CS (although it doesn't yet officially support the D70) and Phase One's Capture One (again official D70 support coming soon).
As you will have already read I wasn't impressed with PictureProject 1.0 and chose to use the (free) Nikon View 6.2.1 in the comparisons below, as it turns out they appear to have the same RAW processing engine, the primary difference is that Nikon View Editor allows for adjustment of white balance and digital exposure compensation and it allows for output as TIFF which is important for our comparisons.
Below are two 100% crops taken from images shot within seconds of each other. The first crop is from a Large / Fine JPEG straight from the camera, the second from a RAW converted to TIFF using Nikon View 6.2.1 Editor.
|JPEG||RAW (Nikon View Editor)|
You can see a clear difference between in camera JPEG and RAW converted by Nikon View Editor. Clearly Nikon View Editor's processing algorithms implement a moiré reduction algorithm which removes the 'maze like' moiré visible at the highest resolutions. The RAW image also appears to extend resolution (or at least a representation of detail) beyond the extinction resolution of the JPEG image. However it is also worth noting that the halo sharpening artifact does appear to be slightly move visible on the Nikon View Editor converted image.
Disclaimer: Adobe Photoshop CS does not officially support the Nikon D70 although it will open D70 .NEF files. As you can see from the crops below Adobe Photoshop CS can't (at the moment) match Nikon Capture Editor for absolute resolution, nor elimination of artifacts, however I do prefer the crisp appearance of the numbers on the chart and the lack of sharpening halos. Lets hope Adobe will add full support for D70 RAW soon.
|RAW (Nikon View Editor)||RAW (Nikon Capture Editor)||RAW (Adobe Photoshop CS)|
While reviewing the D2H we spotted a problem with Nikon View Editor and Nikon Capture which rendered Auto sharpening incorrectly. This appears to have been fixed in Nikon Capture 4.1 with D70 RAW images, however it's still there in Nikon View Editor 6.2.1, there is no option to disable sharpening or decrease it below the 'Auto' level Nikon View Editor has chosen. We couldn't select an option which would deliver the same results as Nikon Capture Editor or in-camera JPEG.
|Sharpening: Auto (adjustment Off)||Sharpening: Low|
|Sharpening: Medium||Sharpening: High|
Below you will find two images, the one on the left taken as JPEG straight from the camera, the one on the right a JPEG converted from a RAW file using Nikon Capture Editor 4.1 (default settings). The RAW converted image has a slightly sharper appearance with a little more contrast, color balance is similar.
Settings: Parameters: Normal, ISO 200, Nikkor DX 18-70 mm
|JPEG||RAW (to JPEG using Nikon Capture Editor)|
|2,612 KB||1,606 KB|
We estimate there to be between 0.5 and 1.0 EV of latitude above the normal clipping point of an image captured in RAW mode. This allows for the recovery of some detail in a RAW image which has been accidentally over exposed. As you can see in the image below, applying a -1.0 EV digital exposure compensation in Nikon Capture recovers some detail and the correct color of the brickwork.
|Default exposure||-1.0 EV digital exposure compensation|
Nikon Capture 4.1 provides Nikon's "Digital DEE" (Digital Exposure Extender) which can be used to enhance shadow detail and slightly darken highlight areas to produce a more balanced exposure or retrieve dark details. This is very similar to the 'Shadow & Highlights' feature in Adobe Photoshop CS and 'X3 Fill Light' in Sigma Photo Pro 2.0. Applying a Shadow adjustment of 20 to the image really lifts it, restores dark detail and produces an overall more pleasing image.
|Default exposure||Digital DEE: Shadow adjustment 20|
In 2004 Nikon launched its first sub-$1000 DSLR, the Nikon D70. The D70 shared many components with its older and more expensive sibling D100 and offered more manual control and customizability than its direct rival from Canon, the EOS 300D (Digital Rebel). Read more
The Sony Alpha 1 is Sony's flagship mirrorless camera for, well, just about anything. With a 50MP sensor, it gives you tons of resolution, but it also lets you fire off burst images at 30 fps for fast action sports. Add in 8K video capture and you have a really impressive package.
There are a lot of photo/video cameras that have found a role as B-cameras on professional productions or A-camera for amateur and independent productions. We've combed through the options and selected our two favorite cameras in this class.
What’s the best camera costing over $2500? The best high-end camera costing more than $2000 should have plenty of resolution, exceptional build quality, good 4K video capture and top-notch autofocus for advanced and professional users. In this buying guide we’ve rounded up all the current interchangeable lens cameras costing over $2500 and recommended the best.
If you want a camera that you can pick up and use without having to page through the manual first, then this guide is for you. We've selected seven cameras ranging from compacts to full-frame, all of which are easy to operate.
Family moments are precious and sometimes you want to capture that time spent with friends or loved-ones in better quality than your phone can manage. We've selected a group of cameras that are easy to keep with you, and that can adapt to take photos wherever and whenever something memorable happens.
If you're looking for a high-quality camera, you don't need to spend a ton of cash, nor do you need to buy the latest and greatest new product on the market. In our latest buying guide we've selected some cameras that might be a bit older but still offer a lot of bang for the buck.
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Why are modern 50mm lenses so complex? Lens designers didn't add all that extra glass just to charge more money and make the diagram look cool, explains Roger Cicala.
Since the dawn of recorded time, Pentax DSLRs has been known for being well-designed, rugged and full-featured. In this episode of DPReview TV, Chris and Jordan share their thoughts about Ricoh's latest DSLR, the Pentax K-3 Mark III.
Surely you've already watched our video review on the Pentax K-3 Mark III. Now it's time to take a closer look at some of the samples from its 25.7MP sensor.
The winning images were selected from more than 10,500 images captured around the world in more than 70 countries.
Apple has teamed up with Incite for many great 'Experiments' videos showcasing the latest iPhone model's camera capabilities including its latest, which shows off the slow-motion and time-lapse performance of iPhone 12.
If camera companies want to truly compete with smartphones for relevance, they need to offer models that are as easy to use as a phone, but offer substantially better image quality.
The lens remains the widest shift lens for full-frame cameras, with the new Leica L and Pentax K mount versions rounding out the Canon EF, Canon RF, Nikon F, Nikon Z and Sony E mount options from launch.
Award-winning videographer Vadim Sherbakov created an aerial film, 'The Noor,' with a DJI Mini 2 in zero degree (-18ºC) temperatures.
The Olympus OM-D E-M10 IV is an entry-level mirrorless camera that's feature-packed, and will appeal to beginners as well as more experienced users. Read about the ins and outs of this image-stabilized, low-priced camera here.
Canon's Larry Thorpe has seen lot of changes over his 60-year career in the industry. We spoke to him after his recent retirement, and in this interview he highlights some of the technological advancements he's seen during his career and discusses the convergence between stills and video.
Nikon's Z6 II is a really pleasant camera to use – so pleasant, in fact, that one of our editors took it on a road trip vacation down the west coast to the California redwoods. Check out some coastal scenes in our updated sample gallery here.
Leica has introduced its Vario-Elmarit-SL 24-70mm F2.8 ASPH lens for full-frame L-mount bodies. The lens has three aspherical elements, a stepping motor for autofocus and an 11-blade aperture. It's now available for $2795.
Days Inn by Wyndham has brought back its 'Sunternship' program for 2021. This August, a selected photographer will be paid $10,000 and have their travel expenses covered during a customizable two-week trip within the United States.
Star Stacker, an astrophotography app available for iOS, allows users to create star trail images and timelapses.
DPReview TV's Jordan Drake thinks the iFootage Cobra 2 is the best monopod ever created in the history of mankind. Find out why he calls it 'the monopod that changed my life'.
Photographer Andy Mumford believes his landscape photography would've progressed faster if he had learned a few key things early on. To help other photographers avoid the same pitfalls, he's shared a new video outlining three things he wishes he'd learned sooner.
We've updated our 'best cameras for videographers' buying guide, with the Panasonic Lumix DC-S1H being our choice for high-end video shooters, and the Sony a7S III selected as the best "run-and-gun" option.
Sony’s three remaining A-mount DSLR cameras have disappeared from its website, suggesting the cameras have been discontinued, rendering the A-mount system all but obsolete.
The update improves autofocus capabilities and adds a collection of new and improved video features to Leica's 24MP full-frame camera system.
Law firm Hagens Berman has filed a suit against Samsung in US District Court. The lawsuit alleges a widespread defect in Galaxy S20 smartphones that causes the glass covering the rear cameras to shatter.
In this video, we head into the heart of wine country in the company of photographer James Joiner and the Fujifilm X-E4. James is meeting vintner Charles Bieler to shoot some imagery for a new wine label.
DJI released a statement today confirming that there are issues with the batteries that power its Mini 2 drone.
The fully-manual lens, which offers roughly a 50mm full-frame equivalent field of view, is available for Canon RF, Fujifilm X, Nikon Z and Sony E mount camera systems.
This 'retro-style' DIY digital camera is built around a Raspberry Pi Zero W connected to a Raspberry Pi High Quality Camera module.
The Panasonic Lumix DC-G100 (G110 in some regions) is a mirrorless camera designed for vlogging. Its 20MP Four Thirds sensor is paired with clever tracking audio technology, but we have our reservations.
Brian Emfinger from Live Storms Media got close to a tornado with his drone before losing it. Here is some footage he managed to pull from the DJI GO 4 app.
The video was captured by a photographer/pilot duo who used an Insta360 Pro 2 attached to a DJI Matrice 600 drone to capture the close-up visuals of Iceland’s Mt. Fagradalsfjall volcano.
Canon's EOS M50 Mark II is a compact, easy-to-use mirrorless camera. Check out our sample gallery for a large selection of tulip photos, with a few other subjects thrown in for good measure.
The Olympus OM-D E-M10 IV is a compact, stylish and low-priced Micro Four Thirds camera with a 20MP sensor and in-body stabilization. Chris and Jordan put it through its paces in the latest episode of DPReview TV.
Our team at DPReview TV just wrapped up their review of the Olympus E-M10 mark IV. As Chris explains, it's now 'third winter' in Canada, so don't be surprised to see some snow in this sample gallery.