Compared to...

As with the majority of our studio image quality comparisons we selected the nearest competition by category, specification, price and feature set. In this case the Nikon D40X goes up against Olympus' small, lightweight ten megapixel E-410 and Canon's ever popular EOS 400D (Rebel XTi).

Camera Kit price Kit lens
equiv. FOV
(effective pixels)
Nikon D40X $799 27 - 82.5 mm equiv. 10.2 MP CCD; 23.7 x 15.6 mm (1.5x crop)
Canon EOS 400D $799 28.8 - 88 mm equiv. 10.1 MP CMOS; 22.2 x 14.8 mm (1.6x crop)
Olympus E-410 $799 28 - 84 mm equiv. 10.0 MP LiveMOS; 17.3 x 13 mm (4/3 format)

Lenses used

For direct comparisons we always use sharp prime lenses stopped down, typically to F9 for 35 mm lenses and F6.3 for Four Thirds lenses. Here we have used the Nikon 50 mm F1.8 (it's sharper than the F1.4 at F9), Olympus 50 mm F2.0 Macro, and Canon EF 50 mm F1.4.

Studio scene comparison (JPEG)

This is our standard studio scene comparison shot taken from exactly the same tripod position. Lighting: daylight simulation, >98% CRI. Crops are 100%. Ambient temperature was approximately 22°C (~72°F).

Nikon D40X vs. Canon EOS 400D (Digital Rebel XTi)

Camera settings:

  • Nikon D40X: Nikkor 50 mm F1.8 lens, Aperture Priority, ISO 100
    JPEG Large/Fine, Manual WB, Default Parameters, Self-Timer
  • Canon EOS 400D: Canon EF 50 mm F1.4 lens, Aperture Priority, ISO 100
    JPEG Large/Fine, Manual WB, Default Parameters (Standard PS), Self-Timer
Nikon D40X
Canon EOS 400D
3,695 KB JPEG (3872 x 2592)
3,351 KB JPEG (3888 x 2592)

The Canon EOS 400D's slightly more aggressive sharpening and perhaps slightly better demosaicing deliver just a little more detail across the image, edges are better defined and some of the finer details of the Bailey's label crop are now visible (compared to the D40X). That said it would be extremely difficult to differentiate these differences in anything but the very largest print.