Nikon D40 Review
Nikon D40 specifications
|Kit price|| US: $599
(with AF-S DX 18-55 mm lens)
|Body color||Black or Silver|
|Sensor|| 23.7 x 15.6 mm CCD sensor
Nikon DX format (1.5x FOV crop)
6.1 million effective pixels
6.2 million total pixels
RGB Color Filter Array
12-bit A/D converter
|Image sizes|| 3008 x 2000 (Large, 6 MP)
2256 x 1496 (Medium, 3.4 MP)
1504 x 1000 (Small, 1.5 MP)
|Image quality|| NEF (12-bit compressed RAW)
NEF (RAW) + JPEG basic
|Color space|| IIIa (sRGB - more green for colourful landscapes) default
II (Adobe RGB)
|Lens mount||Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)|
Type G or D AF Nikkor
Other Type G or D AF Nikkor
PC Micro-Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D
Other AF Nikkor*2/AI-P Nikkor
- All functions supported
- All functions supported except autofocus
- Can only be used in mode M; all other functions supported except autofocus
- All functions supported except autofocus and 3D Color Matrix Metering II
- Can be used in mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster
- Can not be used
|Autofocus *|| Three area TTL phase detection
Nikon Multi-CAM530 autofocus module
Only with AF-S or AF-I lenses
Detection range: EV -1 to +19 (ISO 100 equivalent, at normal temperature)
|Lens servo|| Single-servo AF (AF-S)
Continuous-servo AF (AF-C)
Automatic AF-S/AF-C (AF-A)
Manual focus (M)
|AF Area mode|| Single Area AF
Dynamic Area AF
Closest Subject Priority Dynamic Area AF
|Focus tracking||Predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status in continuous-servo AF|
|Focus area *||One of three areas can be selected|
|Focus lock||Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button|
|AF Assist||White light lamp|
|Exposure mode|| Digital Vari-program
- Flash off *
- Close up
- Night portrait
Programmed auto (P) with flexible program
Shutter-priority auto (S)
Aperture priority auto (A)
|Metering||TTL full-aperture exposure metering
3D color matrix metering II
420 segment RGB sensor
Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to a 8mm circle in center of frame
Spot: Meters 3.5 mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on active focus area
|Metering range|| EV 0 to 20 (3D color matrix
or center-weighted metering)
EV 2 to 20 (spot metering) (ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, 20 °C)
|Meter coupling||CPU coupling|
|Exposure compen. *|| +/- 5.0 EV
1/3 EV steps
|AE Lock||Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button|
|AE Bracketing *||None|
ISO 3200 equiv. (HI 1) *
|Auto ISO options *|| On/Off
Maximum ISO (400, 800 or 1600)
Minimum shutter speed (1 to 1/125 sec)
|Shutter|| Combined mechanical and CCD
30 to 1/4000 sec (1/3 EV steps)
Flash X-Sync: up to 1/500 sec
|White balance|| Auto (TTL white-balance with 420 pixels RGB sensor)
Six manual modes with fine-tuning
o Direct sunlight
Preset white balance (immediate or from photo)
|WB fine tuning||Yes *|
|Image parameters|| Preset modes: Normal, Softer, Vivid, More Vivid, Portrait, B&W *
Sharpening: Auto, 6 levels
Tone: Auto, 5 levels, Custom curve
Color mode: Ia (sRGB), II (Adobe RGB), IIIa (sRGB)
Saturation: Auto, 3 levels
Hue: -9° to +9°
|Viewfinder *|| Optical fixed eye-level
Built-in diopter adjustment (-1.7 to +0.5 m-1)
Eyepoint: 18 mm (at -1.0 m-1)
Frame coverage 95% (approx.)
Viewfinder magnification approx. 0.8x with 50mm lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1
Focusing screen: Type B BriteView clear matte screen Mark V with superimposed focus brackets
|Viewfinder information||Focus indications, AE/FV lock indicator, Shutter speed, Aperture value, Exposure/Exposure compensation indicator, Exposure mode, Flash output level compensation, Exposure compensation, Number of remaining exposures, Flash-ready indicator|
|LCD monitor *|| 2.5" TFT LCD
|Built-in flash *|| Auto pop-up in Auto, Vari-program modes
Manual pop-up in P, S, A or M modes
Guide number approx. 17 at ISO 200
|Sync contact||X-contact only; flash synchronization at shutter speeds of up to 1/500 sec|
|Flash control *||
TTL flash control by 420-segment RGB sensor. i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR
and standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital SLR available when CPU lens is used with built-in
flash, SB-400, SB-800, and SB-600
|Flash mode *|| Auto, Portrait, Child, Close-up: Auto, auto with red-eye reduction; fill-flash and red-eye reduction
available with optional Speedlight
Night portrait: Auto, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction; slow sync and slow sync with red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
Landscape, Sports: Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
P, A modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain with slow sync, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction
S, M modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction
|Flash compensation|| -3 to +1 EV
|Nikon Creative Lighting system||Supported with built-in flash, SB-400, SB-800, and SB-600; Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-800 or SU-800 as Commander.|
|Shooting modes|| Single frame shooting (S)
Continuous shooting (C) mode: approx. 2.5 frame per second (1 fps with HI 1 sensitivity)
Self-timer/remote control mode.
|Continuous buffer *|| JPEG: Limited only by storage
RAW: Approx. 9 frames (shooting continues at a slower rate)
|Self-timer|| 2, 5, 10 or 20 sec|
|Remote control|| Remote Control ML-L3 (optional, Infrared)
Camera Control Pro software (optional)
|Text input||Up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text input is available with LCD monitor and multi-selector; stored in EXIF header|
|Playback functions||• Full frame
• Thumbnail (4 or 9 segments)
• Zoom (magnified)
• Histogram indication
• Shooting data
• Highlight point display
• Auto image rotation
|Storage *|| Secure Digital / Secure Digital HC
FAT / FAT32
Supports firmware update via SD card
|Video output||NTSC or PAL selectable|
|Connectivity|| USB 2.0 (Hi-Speed)
Mass storage / PTP selectable
DC-IN (optional AC adapter and adapter connector)
Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
|Power *||Lithium-Ion battery pack EN-EL9 (7.4 V, 1000 mAh)|
|Working environment|| 0 to 40°C (32 to 104°F)
Less than 85% humidity
|Dimensions *||126 x 94 x 64 mm (5.0 x 3.7 x 2.5 in)|
|Weight (no batt) *||471 g (1.0 lb)|
|Weight (inc. batt) *||522 g (1.2 lb)|
|Supplied accessories *||Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL9, Quick Charger MH-23, USB Cable UC-E4, PictureProject, Rubber Eyecup DK-16, Camera Strap, Body Cap BF-1A, Eyepiece Cap DK-5, Accessory Shoe Cap BS-1|
|Optional accessories||Wireless Remote Control ML-L3, Capture NX, Camera Control Pro, AC Adapter Connector EP-5, AC Adapter EH-5, Video Cable EG-D100, Semi Soft-Case CF-DC1, Speedlight SB-800/600/T041/R1C1|
* Specification changes compared to the Nikon D50
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