Nikon D3100 Review
Nikon D3100 specifications
|Price (Body + 18-55mm VR Lens)||US: $699
|Sensor*|| 23.1 x 15.4 mm CMOS sensor
Nikon DX format (1.5x FOV crop)
14.2 million effective pixels*
RGB Color Filter Array
12-bit A/D converter
|Anti-dust measures|| Image sensor cleaning system
Airflow control system
Image dust off from reference frame (using optional Capture NX software)
|Image sizes*||• 4608 x 3072 (L)*
• 3456 x 2304 (M)*
• 2304 x 1536 (S)*
|Image quality *|| NEF (12-bit compressed RAW)
JPEG fine (1:4)
JPEG normal (1:8)
JPEG basic (1:16)
NEF (RAW) + Fine JPEG*
|Movie sizes*||• 1920 x 1080 24p*
• 1280 x 720 30p*
• 1280 x 720 25p*
• 1280 x 720 24p*
• 640 x 424 24p*
|Movie format *|| MOV, H.264, mono sound recording (PCM)|
|Color space|| sRGB
|Lens mount||Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)|
Other Type G or D AF Nikkor
Other AF Nikkor/AI-P Nikkor
Type D PC Nikkor
IX Nikkor/AF Nikkor for F3AF
-All functions supported
- All functions supported except autofocus
- All functions supported except autofocus and 3D Color Matrix Metering II
- All functions supported except some shooting modes
- Can be used in mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster
- Cannot be used
-All functions supported except 3D color matrix metering II
|Autofocus|| 11 area TTL phase detection
Nikon Multi-CAM1000 autofocus module
Detection range: EV -1 to +19 (ISO 100 equivalent, at normal temperature)
• Manual focus [M], Electronic range finding supported
|Lens servo*|| Single-servo AF (AF-S)
Continuous-servo AF (AF-C)
Automatic AF-S/AF-C (AF-A)
Full time AF (AF-F)*
Manual focus (MF)
|AF Area mode|| Single Area AF
Dynamic Area AF
Auto Area AF
3D Tracking (11 points)
Closest Subject Priority Dynamic Area AF
|Focus tracking||Predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status in continuous-servo AF|
|Focus area||Can be selected from 11 focus points|
|Focus lock||Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button|
|AF Assist||White light lamp|
|Exposure mode*|| Auto
- Flash off
Programmed auto (P) with flexible program
Shutter-priority auto (S)
Aperture priority auto (A)
Soften backgrounds (aperture priority)
Bring more into focus (aperture priority)*
Freeze motion (people) (shutter priority)
Freeze motion (vehicles) (shutter priority)
Show water flowing (shutter priority)*
Use a timer / quiet shutter
|Metering||TTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
Matrix :3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering II (other CPU lenses)
Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to a 8mm circle in center of frame
Spot: Meters 3.5 mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on active focus area
|Metering range|| EV 0 to 20 (3D color matrix
or center-weighted metering)
EV 2 to 20 (spot metering)
|Meter coupling||CPU coupling|
|Exposure comp.|| +/- 5.0 EV
1/3 EV steps
|AE Lock||Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button|
ISO 6400 (Hi1)*
ISO 12800 (Hi2)*
|Auto ISO options*|| On/Off
Maximum ISO (200 to Hi2)*
Minimum shutter speed (1 to 1/2000 sec)
|Shutter|| Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
30 to 1/4000 sec (1/3 EV steps)
Flash X-Sync: up to 1/200 sec
|White balance||Auto (TTL white-balance with 420 pixels RGB sensor)
Twelve manual modes with fine-tuning
Day white fluorescent
Preset white balance (immediate or from photo)
|WB fine tuning||Yes, (except preset manual)|
|Image parameters|| Picture controls: Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape
Quick Adjust: 5 settings (adjusts Sharpening, Contrast and Saturation by preset amounts)
Sharpening: Auto, 10 levels
Contrast: Auto, 7 levels
Brightness: 3 levels*
Saturation: Auto, 7 levels
Hue: 7 levels
|Viewfinder|| Optical fixed eye-level
Built-in dioptre adjustment (-1.7 to +0.5 m-1)
Eye point: 18 mm (at -1.0 m-1)
Frame coverage 95% (approx.)
Viewfinder magnification approx. 0.8x with 50mm lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1
Focusing screen: Type B BriteView clear matte screen Mark VII*
|LCD monitor|| 3.0" TFT LCD
|Built-in flash|| Auto, Portrait, Child, Close-up, Night portrait
Auto flash with auto pop-up,
Manual pop-up in P, S, A or M modes
Guide number approx. 12/39 at ISO 100 (m/ft)
Guide number approx. 13/43 at ISO 100 (m/ft) in manual mode
|Sync contact||X-contact only; flash synchronization at shutter speeds of up to 1/200 sec|
|Flash control|| TTL flash control by 420-segment RGB sensor. i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR
and standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital SLR available when CPU lens is used with built-in
flash, SB-400, SB-800, and SB-600
Auto aperture with SB-800 and CPU lenses
Non-TTL auto with SB-800, 80DX, 28DX, 28, 27 and 22s
Range-priority manual with SB-800
|Flash mode|| Auto, Portrait, Child, Close-up: Auto, auto with red-eye reduction; fill-flash and red-eye reduction
available with optional Speedlight
Night portrait: Auto, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction; slow sync and slow sync with red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
Landscape, Sports: Fill-flash and red-eye reduction available with optional Speedlight
P, A modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain with slow sync, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction
S, M modes: Fill flash, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction
|Flash compensation|| -3 to +1 EV
|Nikon Creative Lighting system|| Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-900, SB-800 or SU-800 as commander|
|Shooting modes|| Single frame shooting (S)
Continuous shooting (C) mode: approx. 3.0 frames per second
Quiet release (Q) mode
|Continuous buffer|| Unknown|
|Self-timer|| 2 or 10 sec|
|Remote control*|| Using optional MC-DC2 cable via GPS socket*|
|Text input||Up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text input is available with LCD monitor and multi-selector; stored in EXIF header|
|Playback functions||• Full frame
• Thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar)
• Playback with Playback zoom
• Slide Show
• Histogram Display
• Auto Image Rotation
• Image Comment (up to 36 characters)
|Orientation sensor||Yes (Rotates user interface when using camera in portrait orientation)|
|Storage|| SD / SD HC / SDXC
FAT / FAT32
Supports firmware update via SD card
|Video output||NTSC or PAL selectable|
|Connectivity|| USB 2.0 (Hi-Speed)
Mass storage / PTP selectable
DC-IN (optional AC adapter and adapter connector)
|Languages*||Czech, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish|
|Power*||Lithium-Ion battery pack EN-EL14 (7.4 V, 1030 mAh)|
|Working environment|| 0 to 40°C (32 to 104°F)
Less than 85% humidity
|Dimensions||124 x 96 x 75 mm (4.9 x 3.8 x 3.0 in)|
|Weight (no batt)||455g (1.0 lb)|
|Weight (inc. batt)||505g (1.1 lb)|
|Supplied accessories|| Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL14
Quick Charger MH-24
Eyepiece Cap DK-5
Rubber Eyecup DK-20
USB Cable UC-E4
Video Cable EG-D100
Camera Strap AN-DC3
Accessory Shoe Cover BS-1
Body Cap BF-1A, Software Suite CD-ROM
|Optional accessories||Remote Control MC-DC2, Capture NX2, Camera Control Pro, AC Adapter Connector EP-5, AC Adapter EH-5, Video Cable EG-D100, Semi Soft-Case CF-DC1, Speedlight SB-900/600/400/T041/R1C1|
*Changed compared with the D3000
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