Top of camera controls

On top of the camera (LCD portion) is the mode dial which surrounds the shutter release button. The 995 has only three camera modes: A-REC, M-REC and PLAY as well as OFF.

Below this are FUNC1 and FUNC2 which are by default set to MODE (exposure; in conjunction with the command dial) and Exposure Compensation (in conjunction with the command dial). Both of these buttons can be reprogrammed to other functions (below).

Exposure modes

Hold down the MODE (FUNC1) button and roll the command wheel allows you to scroll through the various exposure modes (displayed as a single letter on the control panel and main LCD):

Mode Description

Programmed Auto - Camera calculates shutter speed and aperture for best possible exposure, rolling the command dial in this mode allows you to choose from a "Flexible program" selection of shutter speeds and apertures which would achieve the same exposure (P* is displayed in this mode), rolling to the right chooses higher shutter speed and larger apertures, rolling to the left chooses smaller apertures and slower shutter speeds, for example a shot in good light:

Shutter Aperture
P* (turn anti-cw) 1/500 s F4.9
P* (turn anti-cw) 1/500 s F5.4
P 1/500 s F6.1
P* (turn cw) 1/250 s F6.9
P* (turn cw) 1/250 s F7.7


Aperture Priority - Aperture can be selected manually by rolling the command dial, the camera calculates the correct shutter speed based on the current metering mode. If the selected aperture would lead to an exposure outside of the camera's range the aperture will flash on both displays when the shutter release button is pressed halfway. Possible apertures are:

 • Wide: F2.6, F3.0, F3.3, F3.7, F4.2, F4.7, F5.3, F6.0, F6.7, F7.5
 • Tele: F5.1, F5.8, F6.5, F7.3, F8.2, F9.2, F10.3

The 990 could stop down to F11 at full tele (which had a maximum aperture of F4.0), the 995 can only stop down to F10.3 which means you're limited to seven apertures at full tele.

Shutter Priority - Shutter speed can be selected manually by rolling the command dial, the camera calculates the correct aperture based on the current metering mode. If the selected shutter speed would lead to an exposure outside of the camera's range the shutter speed will flash on both displays when the shutter release button is pressed halfway.

At shutter speeds slower than 1/4s the shutter speed is displayed in yellow to indicate possible noise in the final image. (In continuous mode Ultra HS the slowest speed is 1/30s, in Movie mode the slowest speed is 1/15s). Possible shutter speeds are:

 • 8, 4, 2, 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500,
   1/1000, 1/2000 sec

Note: BULB exposures are now only available in Manual exposure mode.

How things have moved on since last year. Amazingly the 995 is looking a little limited with just 15 shutter speeds in shutter priority (other digital cameras offer an amazing 40 different shutter speeds). On the positive side the camera can now shoot at up to 1/2000 sec, useful for those shooting sports events in good light.

Manual - In manual mode you can select both shutter speed and aperture (switch between the two by tapping the MODE button). A value display on the control panel will indicate how much the image would be under or over exposed with a particular exposure setting. In addition there's a exposure meter on the main LCD: A perfect exposure would indicate +/-0.

Also, available in Manual Exposure mode are BULB exposures, with this, the shutter will stay open for as long as the shutter release button is held, up to a maximum of 60 seconds.

Just as good as the 990, nothing much has changed for exposure mode selection and control. It worked and was well designed, so it has remained pretty much unchanged.

Function buttons

Note that the FUNC buttons only perform an action in record mode (A-REC or M-REC). The FUNC1 (default MODE) and FUNC2 (default Exposure Compensation) buttons can be programmed (through the record menu) to perform any of the following functions:

Programmed as &
Press button Hold button and turn
command wheel
(FUNC1 default)
Toggles between shutter speed and aperture readout on the control panel. Select exposure mode (described above):

• Programmed Auto (P)
• Aperture Priority (A)
• Shutter Priority (S)
• Manual (M)
Select focus mode:

• Normal AF
• Landscape (Infinity lock)
• Macro Focus
• Macro Focus + Self Timer
Manual focus (metric):

2 - 26 cm in 1 cm steps

0.28, 0.30, 0.32, 0.35, 0.40, 0.45, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 7.0, 10.0 m, Infinity
Switches through each flash

• Auto Flash
• Anti-Redeye
• Fill-in Flash
• Slow Sync

Select sensitivity mode:

• Auto
• 800
• 400
• 200
• 100

WHITE BALANCE Display current white balance on top control panel. Select white balance:

• Auto
• Preset (Pre)
• Fine (Sun)
• Incandescent (Inc)
• Fluorescent (Flu)
• Cloudy (Clo)
• Flash (Fla)

(FUNC2 default)
Display current exposure compensation value on top control panel. Select exposure compensation:
-2.0 EV to +2.0 EV in 0.3 EV steps
METERING No action

Select metering mode:

• Matrix
• Spot
• Center-Weighted
• Spot AF Area

NOTES: Sensitivity is locked at ISO 200 if you use Ultra HS or Movie continuous shooting modes. The internal flash is disabled in any continuous mode.

Again more Kudos for Nikon, the ability to re-program the function buttons is something we've only ever seen on the 990/995 and hands a new level of flexibility to the photographer. This ability combined with the three user memories allow you to easily set up the camera for different situations or user preferences.