Nikon Coolpix 5400 Review
JPEG/TIFF Image Size & Quality
The Coolpix 5400 provides no less than five image size options in combination with three JPEG quality settings and a TIFF mode (available to all image sizes). There was a small outcry on our own Nikon Talk Forum shortly after Nikon published the specifications for the Coolpix 5400 because it doesn't have a RAW image format. The 'digital negative' RAW format was added to the Coolpix 5000 some months after release by a firmware update, Nikon are now saying that the same will happen for the 5400 some time in early 2004. In my opinion this is a mistake on Nikon's part, the camera should be shipping with RAW format.
Standard Test Scene
To give an impression of what some of the combinations of image size and quality produce the table below is a cross reference of some of them:
- 2592 x 1944 TIFF
- 2592 x 1944 Fine
- 2592 x 1944 Normal
- 2592 x 1944 Basic
- 1600 x 1200 Fine
- 1024 x 768 Fine
- 640 x 480 Fine
Images below are cropped 240 x 100 area of the image magnified
200% (nearest neighbour).
|2592 x 1944|
14,874 KB TIFF - not available for download
|1600 x 1200|
|1280 x 960|
|1024 x 768|
|640 x 480|
As you can see the full resolution (2592 x 1944) Fine JPEG image exhibits no visible JPEG artifacts and even side-by-side comparisons of it against the TIFF image shows virtually no loss in detail. Moving down the quality levels (and increasing the compression) we can clearly see an increase in JPEG artifacts and a loss of detail in the form of 'smoothing', very visible on the watch face. I was disappointed to see such visible artifacts at lower resolutions and the poor quality of the interpolation algorithm used by Nikon to produce the lower resolution images, it almost looks like a nearest neighbour algorithm.
The Coolpix 5400 provides control over three different parameters associated with the cameras internal 'post-shot' image processing algorithms. These are Contrast (labeled 'Image Adjustment'), Saturation (Color) and Sharpening. Each of these three parameters can be set independently to best suit your preferred 'look' or the type of shot. In addition Image Adjustment and Sharpening can be set to 'Auto' which allows the camera to subtly adjust the contrast and sharpening applied to each image.
Nikon provide a relatively good range of adjustment for each parameter, it may have been more logical to simply have the three menu options together and provide +/-2 or +/-3 levels of adjustment for each setting rather than using labels such as 'More', 'Less', 'Moderate' etc.
Image Adjustment (Contrast)
|+2 Maximum||+1 Enhanced||0 Normal|
|-1 Moderate||-2 Minimum||Black & White|
TIME Magazine has named the Sony a7R III one of its top 10 gadgets of 2017. It was the only camera that made the illustrious list this year, receiving high praise from TIME, who dubbed it "one of the best mirrorless cameras ever made."
Thanks to Google Assistant integration, the Pixel 2's AI-powered 'Google Lens' camera feature will soon be easier and quicker to use.
Photographer Jenna Martin and her model friend Rachelle Kathleen set themselves a challenge: could they create beautiful portraits in an 'ugly' location? So they went to a local Lowe's hardware store and gave it a go!
The LG V30 differentiates itself from the competition with an expansive video feature set and a secondary wide angle camera, making it something of a Swiss Army knife for content creators.
We're counting down our top 10 most popular sample galleries of 2017. Holding down the top position is none other than the Nikon D850 – by a landslide.
It's been twenty years since Jeff Keller founded the Digital Camera Resource Page, one of the first websites dedicated to digital photography. Jeff, who has been at DPReview for nearly five years, looks back at the rise and fall of consumer digital cameras and his website.
We're counting down our top 10 most popular sample galleries of 2017. At #2 we have another staff favorite – the Sony Alpha a9.
Rotolight has released the Anova Pro 2 circular LED for stills and video, boasting a 70% increase in brightness and what the company describes as "unrivaled battery performance."
Designer Vinicius Araújo has imagined what he believes the perfect Adobe software keyboard might look like. From customizable touch pads, to a scroll wheel, to a little display that shows the tool in use, his design is pretty compelling.
Peak Design has teamed up with Leica to release a limited-edition backpack made special for fans of the Red Dot.
A portrait of an android woman has beaten over 5,700 pictures of humans to take third place in this year’s prestigious Taylor Wessing Portrait Prize. The judges were not told the subject was an 'android' until after the winning images were chosen.
Hauling around C-Stands just got a whole lot less annoying thanks to these new Matthews shoulder and roller bags, which can hold two or three C-stand (respectively) plus accessories.
Neal Preston has shot timeless photos of everyone from Led Zeppelin, to Whitney Houston, to Michael Jackson. In this interview, he offers insights into his craft to up-and-comer Elijah Dominique.
Future prosumer Canon DSLRs might feature light-up buttons, if this newly published patent is any indication of the camera company's plans.
Sony's a7R Mark III shoots 42.4MP files at 10fps and incorporates a robust video feature set, large battery, refined ergonomics and more. It certainly looks impressive, but what is it like to use, and how does it stack up against the rest of the market? Find out in our full review.
We're counting down our top 10 most popular sample galleries of 2017 – the Fujifilm X100F takes the bronze and the #3 spot.
There's never been a better time to shop for a new camera, but the number of options available can be overwhelming. In this series of buying guides we've provided customized recommendations for several use cases, from shooting landscapes to buying a first camera for a student photographer.
Shopping for a camera with a set budget? No problem! We've rounded up our favorite cameras, broken them into price brackets and picked the best of the bunch.
Looking for a lightweight compact camera that's easy to bring with you anywhere? Or maybe you're smartphone-shopping and want the one that takes the best picture. And what if you want to shoot from above? In these buyers guides we have recommendations for the best compact cameras, smartphones and drones.
Despite reports to the contrary, analysis of DPReview images by our friend Jim Kasson confirms a disappointing fact: Sony a7R III is still a Star Eater. But there may be some improvements.
As the saying goes: A photo is worth a thousand words. And if you're sending that photo through Facebook Messenger, your thousand words now look twice as nice after today's update to 4K resolution.
Get to know the new Leica CL in short order by giving our 90 second 'First look' video a watch.
Leica has just released the CL, the forth in its series of APS-C L-mount cameras. Despite sharing a name with a camera released in the mid-70s, the new CL is a thoroughly modern ILC, with a 24MP sensor and built-in electronic viewfinder.
The Leica CL is a 24MP rangefinder-style mirrorless camera, which sits alongside the TL2 in the company's APS-C lineup. We've been using one for a few days – check out our gallery of images.
While it shares a name with one of Leica's most popular and affordable cameras of the 1970s, the new CL is separated from its namesake by more than just years. We've been using one for a few days - click through for a detailed first-impressions report.
We're counting down our top 10 most popular sample galleries of 2017, and the #4 ranking goes to the Leica M10.
Sigma is discounting 13 different high-performance 'Art' series lenses from today until November 30th. The company is calling it an 'unprecedented' sale.
See DJI's 'AeroScope' drone-tracking technology in action. This is the system that DJI says can help law enforcement and airport (among others) track and identify rogue drones.
iPhone X owners can already accessorize their new phone with high-quality smartphone photography lenses courtesy of Moment's new lineup.
Considering buying Sigma's exciting new 16mm F1.4 DC DN Contemporary lens for crop-sensor E-Mount and M43? Check out these official full-res samples first!