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The Everyday Sling might just be the perfect pack for not carrying too much gear, combining comfort with Peak Design's signature modern style.
Fujifilm has a long history in designing its own unique sensors which don't use conventional Bayer-pattern color filter arrays. The X-Trans CMOS is the latest design to emerge from its out-of-the-box thinking, and while it uses a conventional square-grid pixel layout (unlike the company's EXR compacts), the color filter array over the pixels has been completely redesigned.
The result, according to Fujifilm, is minimal susceptibility to color moiré, which in turn allows the company to dispense with the anti-aliasing filter that's used by most other cameras. In principle, this means the X100S should be able to resolve more detail than Bayer-array cameras with a similar pixel count. The 'II' version of the sensor adds another trick; on-chip phase detection autofocus.
Almost all digital cameras use what is called a Bayer color filter array, named after the Kodak engineer who developed the pattern. Over the years it's proved to be an excellent way of capturing both color and detail in a scene. Essentially, it consists of a simple repeating pattern of four pixels, two of which are sensitive to green light, one to red and one to blue, in a square RGBG layout.
However, one problem with the Bayer array is its susceptibility to false color artefacts when faced with an image that contains finely-repeating patterns (such as textiles), caused by interference between these patterns and the regular grid of photosites. The result is unsightly bands of color, which in most digital cameras is suppressed by the addition of an optical low pass (or 'anti-aliasing') filter in front of the sensor that blurs away the finest image detail. This reduces any moiré patterns, but with an inevitable loss of resolution.
Film never showed an analogous effect due to its random grain structure, and Fujifilm's engineers reasoned that modifying the sensors' color filter array to make it look more irregular would have a similar effect. The result is the X-Trans CMOS's 6x6 color filter array, with red, green and blue photosites on each row and column (diagrams courtesy of Fujifilm):
|The common 2x2 'Bayer' pattern used in most digital cameras||The 6x6 color filter array pattern of Fujifilm's X-Trans CMOS sensor|
Use of an unconventional CFA is not without its complications, though; most obviously, it demands a completely different demosaicing algorithm for Raw conversion. This has proven to be a problem for third-party raw conversion software, as we documented in our review of the X-Pro1. Fortunately, support has improved a lot since the X-Pro 1 was released, with Adobe's Camera Raw support getting noticeably more robust over a couple of recent iterations of the plugin, as well as solid support from Capture One.
Even if you never process Raw files on a computer, Fujifilm's superb out-of-camera JPEGs and flexible in-camera raw conversion are genuine selling points of the X100S and indeed the X-system as a whole.
Almost all compact and mirrorless cameras use contrast-detection autofocus - in its simplest form, this racks the lens through its range of focus distances and picks the one that delivers the highest contrast at the selected AF point. Once upon a time this was painfully slow, but focusing algorithms and lens designs have improved substantially over the past few years, and it can now be extremely fast and accurate. But it struggles in some situations - most notably with moving subjects.
This cross section of the X-Trans CMOS sensor shows the following:
Diagram courtesy of Fujifilm
One solution to this is to use phase-detection autofocus. In short, this is able to tell from a single measurement exactly how to adjust the lens to achieve an in-focus image. All SLRs by necessity use this approach, with a dedicated autofocus sensor. But it's becoming increasingly common on mirrorless cameras too, using a system that's integrated onto the main imaging sensor. It's employed most successfully by Nikon's 1 System cameras, but other manufacturers such as Sony and Canon use similar technology, with varying degrees of success.
Fujifilm was in fact the first manufacturer to bring on-chip PDAF to market, with its F300EXR in 2010. But it's appeared curiously reluctant to exploit the technology in higher-end models until now. Both the X100S and the smaller-sensored X20 use the system, which delivers much-improved focus speeds over their predecessors. The PDAF sensors are localized towards the center of the frame, and use pixels that are masked to receive light from the left- and right-sides of the lens's exit pupil. The difference between the images coming from these two paths allows the focus distance to be determined. We'll be examining how well the system works in the performance page of this review.
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DPR reader Philip Ewing found he had little time outside of long hours at the office to spend on photography, so he turned his commute into a time to exercise some creativity. Each day he brings his camera along with him on Washington D.C.'s Metrorail system, where he photographs the Brutalist-style architecture, morning rushes and evening light of the Metro subway. Read more
Gene Smirnov is a regular DPR reader and a working photographer based in Philadelphia. As a music photographer he's photographed over 300 bands, and now mainly shoots portraits for magazines. He's got years of professional experience under his belt, but it all began with a Nikon FM10 and a portrait gig for his college newspaper. See his work and learn more about him. Read more
When he learned that he had a hearing condition that would make continuing his work in music production difficult, Greg Krycinski picked up photography. His stark black-white-landscapes and street scenes resonate in their simplicity. See a sample of his work here and find out more about him in our Q&A. Read more
The Fujifilm TCL-X100 is a screw-in teleconverter for the X100 and X100S which increases the effective focal length of their 23mm F2 lens to 50mm. We've been shooting with the TCL-X100 for a few days now, in a range of different situations and light levels to see how it performs in everyday use. Click through to read our first impressions, and see our sample images.
Update: Fujifilm UK has officially announced a service allowing certain X-series cameras to be customized with a range of different colors and body textures. The company showed customized cameras at The Photography Show earlier this week in Birmingham, UK, and partially functional pages for an 'X Signature' went up on its website, but the service is now live. Click through for more information.
When the Fujifilm X-T2 arrived, it was more than just a modest upgrade to the already impressive X-T1. While the new X-T3 hasn't changed the overall design of the camera, this model is way more than an upgrade; rather, it's a quantum leap.
The Movie Maker is a compact, motorized slider designed for phones, action cams and small mirrorless cameras. We think it's a fun little kit and a good value proposition for the cost, provided you can work around a few of its weak points.
Nikon's Z7 is the first camera to use the all-new Z-mount, the company's first new full-frame mount since 1959. We've put together our first impressions based on quality shooting time with a pre-production camera - check out what we've found.
What's the best camera for a parent? The best cameras for shooting kids and family must have fast autofocus, good low-light image quality and great video. In this buying guide we've rounded-up several great cameras for parents, and recommended the best.
What's the best camera for shooting landscapes? High resolution, weather-sealed bodies and wide dynamic range are all important. In this buying guide we've rounded-up several great cameras for shooting landscapes, and recommended the best.
What’s the best camera costing over $2000? The best high-end camera costing more than $2000 should have plenty of resolution, exceptional build quality, good 4K video capture and top-notch autofocus for advanced and professional users. In this buying guide we’ve rounded up all the current interchangeable lens cameras costing over $2000 and recommended the best.
|Forever Stalled by Domenick Creaco|
from The End of the Road
|Lost, But Not Forever by Domenick Creaco|
from Lost and found
We've got our hands on a full-production Nikon Z7 camera and have updated our gallery with additional samples.
A new Kickstarter campaign seeks funding for Chroma Chrono, a programmable RGB camera flash that emits multiple colors during long exposures.
Think Tank Photo has launched a new lineup of six dual-access, water-resistant protective lens cases it calls Lens Case Duo.
Canon and Nikon finally entered the full-frame mirrorless market this summer with the brand-new RF and Z mounts. Now that we've had some time with the cameras, we wanted to revisit our earlier predictions and take stock.
The devices' camera specs look pretty much identical to last year's iPhone X but under the hood a number of important improvements have been made.
Blackmagic Design has announced the public beta of its new Blackmagic RAW video codec. The company says the new format combines the benefits of shooting Raw video with the ease of use and smaller file sizes usually associated with non-Raw video files.
Serif, the company behind the Affinity suite, has announced the latest update for its mobile Photoshop competitor Affinity Photo for iPad.
The Atomos Ninja V external video recorder and monitor will be ready to ship at the end of this month. The 5.2in Ninja V is designed to provide a smaller option, while still offering many of the features of the larger 7-inch models.
Having shot with the camera, spoken to Canon and read the tea leaves, here's what DPR Technical Editor Richard Butler thinks the EOS R tells us about Canon and the RF's mount's future.
After last week's teaser, lighting manufacturer Profoto has announced its 'small big' new product. The B10 is designed to be used as studio flash head but in a very small body, and has a powerful continuous light source for videographers as well.
Konseen has launched Photo Studio, a new light box tent large enough to photograph people, as well as objects.
Seagate has introduced new high-capacity hard drives for Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices: the 14TB IronWolf and 14TB IronWolf Pro HDDs.
The case was first announced earlier this year as a Kickstarter campaign and comes with a range of features aimed at iPhone photographers.
Manfrotto has introduced a new two-in-one tripod to its Befree lineup. Called the Befree 2N1, this new addition is both a tripod and monopod in one and is available with both of Manfrotto's locking mechanisms.
This new high dynamic range editing software comes with an AI-powered Quantum HDR Engine for improved photo merging.
Apple has unveiled the next generation of its iPhone X in the form of three variants: the 5.8" iPhone XS and 6.5" iPhone XS Max with OLED screens, and the 6.1" iPhone XR with an LCD and single rear camera.
Ahead of the launch of the CamRanger II the company has announced a mini version of its wireless remote control system that it says has a longer range than the original in a body half the size.
Lens manufacturer Sigma has announced a trio of fast cinema lenses for full-frame camera systems, that it says will also be available in the future in the LPL mount for Arri’s large format camera system.
LumaPod is a a new tripod being funded on Kickstarter that takes just four seconds to set up and uses patented tension technology to keep your shots steady in a compact design.
X-Rite ColorChecker Video XL is an oversized color target for wide-angle, long distance, and aerial shooting.
ExperimentalOptics has launched a Kickstarter campaign to fund its second lens design, a 35mm F2.7 lens it claims is the world's 'smallest fastest pancake lens.'
The new XF 8-16mm F2.8 R LM WR and XF 200mm F2 R LM OIS WR are aimed at enthusiasts and professionals, and add considerable versatility to Fujifilm's growing XF lens lineup. We've been taking a look.
The Getty family is working to regain control of stock photo agency Getty Images, according to multiple reports published late last week.
The Phoneslinger line, a modular bag system for mobile photographers, has been launched on the Indiegogo crowdfunding platform.
CamRanger has announced the impending arrival of its CamRanger 2 wireless tethering and trigger system, complete with redesigned apps, updated wireless features, and support for select Sony and Fujifilm systems.
As well as high-resolution stills, the new Nikon Z7 also shoots 4K video and 120p HD video. We recently spent two days with director Chris Hershman, shooting a music video on the Z7 for pop artist Emily Blue.
London’s National Portrait Gallery has released the shortlist for its annual Taylor Wessing Photographic Portrait Prize, ahead of the winner being announced in October.
Lighting manufacturer Profoto is teasing users with a video clip that includes frames of a new light it will announce later this month. The launch as billed as ‘something big’ for ‘something small’.
Amid all the excitement surrounding the launch of the Nikon Z-series recently, you could be forgiven for missing the official unveiling of Nikon's new Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm F5.6E PF ED VR. In this article, wildlife photographer Roie Galitz shares his impressions.