Image Quality

Our test scene is designed to simulate a variety of textures, colors and detail types you'll encounter in the real world. It also has two illumination modes to see the effect of different lighting conditions.

The X-H1 uses the same sensor and processor as the X-T2 and X-Pro2, so we're pretty familiar with its output by now.

Raw

The 24MP sensor is able to capture similar levels of monochrome detail to a 24MP Bayer sensor. As intended, the sensor's less frequently repeating color pattern protects it from the aliasing that we see in Bayer sensor cameras without anti-aliasing filters, when shooting contrasty, fine detail with a sharp lens. However, the slight glitching in fine, color detail suggests you're paying a slight cost in terms of capturing fine color detail by choosing X-Trans. The precise rendering of these differences will depend on your Raw converter.

Comparing the X-H1's high ISO performance to that of the a6500 or one of its other 24MP peers makes it appear that the Fujifilm is being subject to some noise reduction at some point in the process. Detail is well retained, though, so we are not overly concerned by this. Note that, no matter what you've read about Fujifilm's ISO ratings, these images have been given the same amount of light to work with.

Still, the X-H1 can't compete with the significant increase in sensor size offered by its full frame rivals. So, while noise levels seem comparable, the big sensor camera is retaining much more detail.

JPEG

The Fujifilm JPEG engine is one of our favorites, not just because its color response is attractive but because it offers a range of interesting color modes, most of which are photographically relevant, rather than getting overblown to turning into 'filter' style exaggerated effects. The Provia/Standard color mode is approximately comparable to the Canon color response, but with richer, 'greener' greens and a slightly less yellow tint to the pinks and less orange-ish reds.

Its sharpening does a good job of emphasizing detail, which gives it results more detail than Canon or Nikon, though this comes at the cost of the very finest frequencies, where it can't quite match Sony's algorithms. There's also what seems to be some sort of additional smoothing being added to faces, which we'd prefer was optional.

Noise reduction is pretty well judged, with a good balance being struck between noise suppression and detail retention. It's a similar story if you compare with Nikon or Canon.

Our recommendation to turn the noise reduction down a fraction remains, since we prefer the increase in detail you get in return for a little more noise.

'Textured' flare

With previous 24MP X-Trans models, light catching the sensor at the wrong angle could occasionally induce purple flare in the cameras' images. When this occurs, a textured pattern (possibly a reflection of the sensor's own microlenses) appeared in the flare regions. We've seen examples of this with the X-H1 but out impression is that it's not as prevalent as before (with investigations by other sites suggesting the redesigned baffle around the sensor is helping), but we are still testing this alongside a flare concern with the Sony a7 III.