Canon EOS 400D / Digital Rebel XTi/ Kiss X Digital Review
The EOS 400D provides a wide range of control for image sharpening, contrast, color saturation and color tone. You can also select output in sRGB or Adobe RGB color space. The EOS 400D features the now Canon standard "Picture Style" parameter presets, these are slightly different than found on other digital SLR's as the Picture Style used can affect both the contrast curve and color map.
Image parameter adjustments
- Picture Style: Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User def 1 - 3
- Color space: sRGB, Adobe RGB
- Image parameter adjustments
- Sharpness: 0 to 7
- Contrast: -4 to +4
- Saturation: -4 to +4
- Color tone: -4 to +4
Each Picture Style can be thought of as being similar to different types of 'film', each one is made up of a tone curve, color map (including differing hue responses) and default sharpness. The camera comes with six programmed Picture Styles but you can download other styles from Canon. The disappointing aspect of Picture Style (still) is that the tone curve and color map are not revealed to the user, you have to experiment to understand the effect of each Picture Style. An approximate summary of the available Picture Styles are as follows:
|Picture Style||Canon description||Tone curve||Color|
|Standard||Vivid, crisp general setting usable for variety of conditions.||Type 1
|Slightly more saturation|
|Portrait||Produces a soft texture and beautiful expression of skin color.||Type 1
|Medium saturation, skin tones get a pink hue|
|Landscape||Sharp expression with particularly vivid results for blues skies and green hues.||Type 1
|High saturation, blue and green emphasis, hue chg.|
|Neutral||With post-processing in mind, saturation and contrast are low.||Type 2
|Low saturation, neutral hues|
|Faithful||Faithful production of the subject's colors, with no exaggeration.||Type 2
|Low saturation, colormetrically accurate|
|Monochrome||Monochrome expression in black & white, sepia, etc.||Type 1
|B&W, can use filters (red, green, orange, etc.)|
For a reference of how each of these Picture Styles relate to older EOS digital camera parameter settings please refer to the chart at the bottom of this page on canon.co.jp.
Picture Style default parameters
You can see an interactive example of the color response difference between each Picture Style in the 'Photographic tests' section of this review.
Picture Styles 'real life' portrait example
Below are six images in different Picture Styles produced from the same RAW image. Each was saved at a reduced size to aid full size display / download speed (in these examples we're only interested in tone and color). As you can see the Portrait picture style does produce more pleasing skin tones which are pinker and more natural looking.
|Neutral||Faithful||Monochrome (no filter)|
Picture Styles 'real life' landscape example
Below are three images in different Picture Styles produced from the same RAW image. Each was saved at a reduced size (as above). Here you can see the advantage of using the Landscape Picture Style when shooting shots with a lot of folliage and blue skies, with a more pleasing green color hue and stronger overall color response.
|Standard||Landscape||Monochrome (red filter)|
Use Portrait Picture Style only for Portraits
The Portrait Picture Style is designed very specifically for the purpose of producing pinker, more healthy and natural looking skin tones. This can clearly be seen in the portrait example above, however what can also be seen from the 'watch scene' example below is that this Picture Style should not be used 'generally' in the same way as Standard, Landscape or Neutral can. It has very specific color mappings which can produce some hue shifts in reds which may be unexpected.
Oct 14, 2006
Aug 24, 2006
Oct 13, 2009
Oct 14, 2009
I own it
I want it
I had it
Discuss in the forums
|Dirt Hose by poppyjk|
|European bee-eaters by drvanger|
from A Big Year - birds
|Fat Is Beautiful Guinea 2008 DP by MarioSS|
from - Fat is Beautiful - (Woman's Portrait n Black and White+ A Border)
As summer really gets going over here in the Northern hemisphere, the team at Imaging Resource has put together a list of the best cameras for backpacking.
The Ukrainian Parliament banned statues of Lenin in 2015. Two years later, the monuments no longer adorn public buildings or stand watch over town squares, but they're still there.
If you had to choose one camera to bring along for the ultimate West coast road trip, what would it be? DPR's Sam Spencer choose the X100F. Read more
The a9 boasts impressive capability. As more examples of it in practice pour in, Sony's claims hold up. Watch the a9 track and maintain focus on a rapidly approaching basketball.
Last week, more than a million tonnes of Californian coastline slid into the ocean, taking part of Highway 1 with it. Check out the remodeling in photos taken before and after the landslide.
Even after eighteen months of reviewing the latest, greatest, shiniest and must-buy-me-est new gear, DPReview staffer Carey Rose has continued to use older DSLR cameras for his freelance work. But now, that might be changing. Read more
Sony is the world's leading mirrorless camera brand but remains third for ILCs overall, it's said in a presentation to investors. A focus on high value cameras and lenses should boost operating income, it says. Read more
It's nicknamed the 'Cycloptic Mustard Monster,' and is a 3D printed medium format camera. Read more
The new NanGuang LED lights are battery powered and come with accessories including filters and diffusers.
Have you been telling yourself, "Hey, I really need one of those 8K displays?" A video about Dell's new 8K monitor shows you what to expect. Is it really that much better?
Tamara Lackey, a Nikon ambassador USA and pro shooter, discusses embracing self-consciousness as a means of connecting with subjects.
There's a new Spiderman movie coming out and the poster been generating a lot of online chatter. Mostly about how it looks like the creation of a fevered teenager that just discovered Photoshop.
An honest defense of the system's merits, with photos as proof.
Copyright disputes are no fun at all. 'Binded' is a new startup that aims to simplify the process of registering - and enforcing - copyright for photographers. Read more
Not everyone wants to pay a premium for a long zoom camera. Thankfully, there are many reasonably priced cameras available, though they won't offer the same image quality as enthusiast models. In this updated roundup we look at big zoom cameras with more consumer-friendly price tags. Read more
Think Tank Photo has updated two of its popular bag lines with improvements to functionality. Read more
We’ve all seen Bob Jackson’s Pulitzer Prize winning photo, but there's another.
The sample footage looks good.
It will automatically pick the best camera settings depending on shooting conditions. It even promises enhanced functionality for your camera, like exposure and focus stacking. It already supports many cameras from Canon, Fuji, Nikon and Sony. Read more
As if $13,950 wasn’t enough to pay for a special edition lens, the Leica Store in San Francisco is offering a prototype of said lens for $24,995. Read more
Make those old photos disappear without deleting them forever.
Firmware updates enable 10 fps shooting with adapted A-mount lenses, and faster startup times and better compatibility for 20 fps shooting when using native lenses on the a9.
Fujifilm has released firmware updates for its camera models X-T2, X-Pro2, GFX 50s, X-T20, X100F and X-T1 and updates to three of its software products.
A 22 year-old Romanian photographer uses his DJI Phantom 4 drone to capture unique perspectives of the city where he now lives.
What's it like to ride the waves with champion surfer Kelly Slater? This VR video from Teton Gravity Research gives you a taste.
When Nikon released the full-frame D3 in 2007, it changed the professional photography industry. In this week's Throwback Thursday, Barney remembers a legend. Read more
The new stuff should have better red hues, improved sensitivity and finer grain - but don't worry - will still shift blues to green, greens to purple and yellows to pink.
Ricoh has introduced a new rugged compact camera with a 16MP CMOS sensor, 28-140mm lens, 2.7" LCD and built-in LED macro lights. Read more
This compact drone can shoot HD video using a 2-axis stabilized 12MP camera. Read more
The new Prynt Pocket can print a photo directly from their iPhone simply by inserting the phone into the printer, then snapping a photo. Each print will cost about 50 cents. Read more