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4 cameras compared
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Jul 25, 2017
Aug 23, 2018
Sep 17, 2012
Sep 19, 2016
 
$3299
$3399 (body only), $3999 (w/24-70 F4 lens)
 
$2000/£1850/€1999 body only, £2400/€2599 with 12-40mm F2.8
 
Mid-size SLR
Rangefinder-style mirrorless
Rangefinder-style mirrorless
SLR-style mirrorless
Magnesium alloy
Magnesium alloy
 
Magnesium alloy
 
8256 x 5504
8256 x 5504
4608 x 3456
5184 x 3888
 
5408 x 3600 (DX crop), 6880 x 5504 (5:4), 5504 x 5504 (1:1), 8256 x 4640 (16:9)
2560 x 1920, 1024 x 768
 
1:1, 5:4, 3:2, 16:9
1:1, 5:4, 3:2, 16:9
4:3
4:3
45 megapixels
46 megapixels
16 megapixels
20 megapixels
47 megapixels
47 megapixels
17 megapixels
22 megapixels
Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm)
Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm)
Four Thirds (17.3 x 13 mm)
Four Thirds (17.4 x 13 mm)
BSI-CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
CMOS
Expeed 5
Expeed 6
 
TruePic VIII
sRGB, Adobe RGB
sRGB, Adobe RGB
sRGB, Adobe RGB
sRGB, Adobe RGB
Primary color filter
Primary color filter
 
Primary color filter
 
Auto, 64-25600 (expands to 32-102400)
Auto, 64-25600 (expands to 32-102400)
Auto (200 - 1600), 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800, 16000, 20000, 25600
Auto, 200-25600 (expands down to 64)
32
32
 
64
102400
102400
 
 
14
12
8
7
Yes (6 slots)
Yes (6 slots)
Yes (1)
Yes (4 slots)
No
Sensor-shift
Sensor-shift
Sensor-shift
 
5-axis
 
up to 5.5 stops of shake reduction
 
5 stop(s)
 
 
RAW + TIFF
RAW
RAW
RAW
Fine, normal, basic
Fine, normal, basic
 
 
  • JPEG (Exif v2.3)
  • TIFF (RGB)
  • Raw (Nikon NEF, 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed)
  • JPEG
  • Raw (NEF, 12 or 14-bit)
  • RAW
  • JPEG
  • RAW+JPEG
  • MPO(3D still)
  • JPEG (Exif 2.3)
  • Raw (Olympus ORF)
 
  • Contrast Detect (sensor)
  • Phase Detect
  • Multi-area
  • Center
  • Selective single-point
  • Tracking
  • Single
  • Continuous
  • Touch
  • Face Detection
  • Live View
  • Contrast Detect (sensor)
  • Phase Detect
  • Multi-area
  • Center
  • Selective single-point
  • Tracking
  • Single
  • Continuous
  • Touch
  • Face Detection
  • Live View
  • Contrast Detect (sensor)
  • Multi-area
  • Selective single-point
  • Tracking
  • Single
  • Continuous
  • Touch
  • Face Detection
  • Live View
  • Contrast Detect (sensor)
  • Phase Detect
  • Multi-area
  • Center
  • Selective single-point
  • Tracking
  • Single
  • Continuous
  • Touch
  • Face Detection
  • Live View
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
 
 
No
 
Yes
Yes
Yes
 
151
493
35
121
Nikon F
Nikon Z
Micro Four Thirds
Micro Four Thirds
1×
1×
2×
2×
 
Tilting
Tilting
Fixed
Fully articulated
3.2
3.2
3
3
2,359,000
2,100,000
460,000
1,037,000
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
TFT LCD
TFT LCD
 
TFT LCD
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optical (pentaprism)
Electronic
Electronic (optional)
Electronic
100%
100%
 
100%
0.75×
0.8×
 
1.48× (0.74× 35mm equiv.)
 
3,690,000
 
2,360,000
 
30 sec
30 sec
60 sec
60 sec
1/8000 sec
1/8000 sec
1/4000 sec
1/8000 sec
 
 
 
1/32000 sec
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
  • Program
  • Aperture priority
  • Shutter priority
  • Manual
  • Program
  • Aperture priority
  • Shutter priority
  • Manual
  • i Auto
  • Program AE
  • Aperture priority
  • Shutter priority
  • Manual
  • Bulb
  • Time
  • Scene select AE
  • Art Filter
  • Underwater
  • Program
  • Shutter priority
  • Aperture priority
  • Manual
 
 
  • Portrait
  • e-Portrait
  • Landscape
  • Landscape + Portrait
  • Sport, Night
  • Night + Portrait
  • Children
  • High Key
  • Low Key
  • DIS mode
  • Macro
  • Nature Macro
  • Candle
  • Sunset
  • Documents
  • Panorama
  • Fireworks
  • Beach & Snow
  • Fisheye Conv.
  • Wide Conv.
  • Macro Conv.
  • 3D
 
No
No
No (bundled external flash)
No (FL-LM3 external flash included)
 
 
7.00 m (bundled FL-LM1)
9.10 m (at ISO 100)
Yes (via hot shoe or flash sync port)
Yes (via hot shoe)
Yes (Clip-on FL-LM1 included, Hot-shoe)
Yes (via hot shoe or flash sync port)
Front-curtain sync (normal), Rear-curtain sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync, Slow sync
Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync, off
Auto, On, Off, Red-Eye, Fill-in, Slow Sync, Manual (3 levels)
Redeye, Fill-in, Flash Off, Red-eye Slow sync.(1st curtain), Slow sync.(1st curtain), Slow sync.(2nd curtain), Manual
1/250 sec
1/200 sec
1/250 sec
1/250 sec
  • Single-frame
  • Self-timer
  • Quiet shutter
  • Quiet continuous
  • Mirror-up
  • Continuous low
  • Continuous high
 
 
 
7.0 fps
9.0 fps
8.0 fps
60.0 fps
Yes (2, 5, 10, 20 secs)
Yes (2, 5, 10 or 20 secs)
Yes (2 or 12 sec)
Yes (2 or 12 secs, custom)
  • Multi
  • Center-weighted
  • Highlight-weighted
  • Spot
  • Multi
  • Center-weighted
  • Highlight-weighted
  • Spot
  • Multi
  • Center-weighted
  • Spot
  • Multi
  • Center-weighted
  • Spot
±5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps)
±5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
±3 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps)
±5 (at 1/3 EV, 2/3 EV, 1 EV steps)
±5 (2, 3, 5, 7 frames at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 2/3 EV, 1 EV steps)
 
(2, 3, 5, 7 frames at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 2/3 EV, 1 EV steps)
±5 (2, 3, 5, 7 frames at 1/3 EV, 2/3 EV, 1 EV steps)
Yes (2-9 exposures in 1, 2, or 3EV increments)
Yes
Yes (3 frames in 2, 4, 6 steps selectable in either blue/amber or magenta/green axis)
Yes
 
 
 
1920 x 1080 (30 fps), 1280 x 720 (30 fps), 640 x 480 (30 fps)
 
MPEG-4
MPEG-4, H.264
MPEG-4, H.264, Motion JPEG
MPEG-4, H.264
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 30p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 25p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 24p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 120p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 60p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 50p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 30p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 25p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 24p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1280 x 720 @ 60p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1280 x 720 @ 50p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 144 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 25p / 144 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 24p / 144 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 120p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 100p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 60p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 50p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 30p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 25p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 24p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
 
  • 4096 x 2160 @ 24p / 237 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 102 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 25p / 102 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 3840 x 2160 @ 24p / 102 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 30p / 202 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 24p / 202 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 25p / 202 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 60p / 52 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • 1920 x 1080 @ 50p / 52 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
Stereo
Stereo
Stereo
Stereo
Mono
Mono
Mono
Mono
 
SD/SDHC/SDXC (UHS-II supported) + XQD
XQD card
SD/SDHC/SDXC
Dual SD/SDHC/SDXC slots
 
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 3.1 Gen 1 (5 GBit/sec)
USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec)
USB 3.0 (5 GBit/sec)
No
Yes
 
 
Yes (mini HDMI)
Yes (micro HDMI)
Yes (Mini HDMI type-C)
Yes (Micro-HDMI)
Yes
Yes
 
Yes
Yes
Yes
 
Yes
Built-In
Built-In
Eye-Fi Connected
Built-In
802.11b/g + NFC + Bluetooth 4.1 LE
802.11ac + Bluetooth
 
 
Yes (wired, wireless, smartphone)
Yes (via MC-DC2 or smartphone)
Yes (Optional RM-UC1)
Yes (wired or via smartphone)
 
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Battery Pack
Battery Pack
Battery Pack
Battery Pack
EN-EL15a lithium-ion battery & charger
EN-EL15b lithium-ion battery & charger
Lithium-Ion BLS-5 rechargeable battery & charger
BLH-1 lithium-ion battery & charger
1840
330
360
 
1005 g (2.22 lb / 35.45 oz)
675 g (1.49 lb / 23.81 oz)
269 g (0.59 lb / 9.49 oz)
574 g (1.27 lb / 20.25 oz)
146 x 124 x 79 mm (5.75 x 4.88 x 3.11)
134 x 101 x 68 mm (5.28 x 3.98 x 2.68)
110 x 64 x 34 mm (4.33 x 2.52 x 1.34)
134 x 91 x 67 mm (5.28 x 3.58 x 2.64)
 
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes (4K movies or '8K' stills)
Yes
No
Yes
None
None
None
None