Gary Friedmans a77 Handbook

Started Jul 31, 2013 | Questions thread
RussAdams Contributing Member • Posts: 831
David Busch v Gary Friedman's Table of Contents give any insight?

heliguy wrote:

I have David Busch's book for my a55 and a77 and have been very happy with the content and format. I looked for Gary's book on the Barnes Noble nook site and they don't carry it, wanted to preview it. Are there some specifics besides the web links that make Gary's info / format significantly better???

I have not read David Busch's book, so I really cannot comment on it. A quick scan of B&N nookstore shows he's writing about ton's of other manufacturers than Minolta/Sony. Two Sony books, out of 112 books at B&N.

He could be great, but he won't have the indepth Minolta/Sony knowledge that Gary has.

David's Table of Contents:

Introduction. 1. Quick Tour: Shooting Your First Sony SLT-A77 Picture. 2. The Sony SLT-A77 Roadmap. 3. Setting Up Your Sony SLT-A77. 4. Shooting Basics. 5. Photography with your Sony SLT-A77. 6. Advanced Shooting and Movie Making. 7. Working with Lenses. 8. Working with Light. 9. Downloading and Editing. 10. Troubleshooting Your Sony SLT-A77. Glossary. Index.

Gary's Table of Contents:

CHAPTER 0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................... 15
THIS BOOK IS DIFFERENT .................................................................................. 16
CHAPTER 1 THE ALPHA 65 AND 77 IN A NUTSHELL .................................. 19
MAJOR FEATURES – A65 AND A77 .................................................................... 20
SLT Design ............................................................................................... 20
World’s Highest-Megapixel APS-C Sensor. ............................................. 22
World’s Best Electronic Viewfinder ......................................................... 23
HD Video with Autofocus ........................................................................ 24
Olympic-style shooting speeds................................................................ 25
Two Panorama Modes ............................................................................ 27
In-camera Lens Corrections .................................................................... 29
Handheld Twilight / Multi-Frame Noise Reduction ............................... 29
Three Low-Light Modes Compared ......................................................... 30
Handheld High Dynamic Range (HDR) .................................................... 32
Peaking Color .......................................................................................... 33
Built-in GPS ............................................................................................. 33
Electronic First-Curtain Shutter ............................................................... 34
Object Tracking ....................................................................................... 35
Picture Effects ......................................................................................... 36
One Heck of a Kit Lens ............................................................................ 36
An A65-only feature: Built-in guide! ....................................................... 39
A77-ONLY FEATURES ...................................................................................... 39
12 pictures-per-second ........................................................................... 40
That Crazy Articulated Screen ................................................................. 41
Two .jpg compression settings ................................................................ 44
AF Micro-Adjust ...................................................................................... 44
Additional Features ................................................................................. 44
OTHER SONY STANDARDS ................................................................................. 46
Steady Shot ............................................................................................. 46
Face Detection / Face Registration ......................................................... 46
Smile Shutter ........................................................................................... 47
Wireless flash .......................................................................................... 48
Scene Selection Modes and Auto+ .......................................................... 49
YARF (Yet Another RAW format) ............................................................ 50
SOME ESSENTIAL LENS HISTORY ......................................................................... 51
LENSES .......................................................................................................... 53
Crop Factor ............................................................................................. 56
Sony and Minolta Lens Nomenclature .................................................... 59
Frequently Asked Questions about Lenses .............................................. 61

THE LATEST FIRMWARE .................................................................................... 63
“MY PICTURES AREN’T SHARP!” ........................................................................ 64
CHAPTER 2 QUICK GUIDE FOR THE IMPATIENT USER .............................. 67
CONTROLS ..................................................................................................... 67
SOME ESSENTIAL CONFIGURATION ..................................................................... 67
ENERGY-EFFICIENT MODE ................................................................................ 71
WHICH DISPLAY? ............................................................................................ 73
CONFIGURING THE DISPLAY .............................................................................. 75
THE PANORAMA MODE ................................................................................... 76
AUTO SETTING .............................................................................................. 78
AUTO+ SETTING ............................................................................................ 80
PROGRAM (“P”) MODE ................................................................................... 83
THE “IMAGES REMAINING COUNTER” ................................................................. 84
FOCUSING BASICS ........................................................................................... 85
How does the camera know what to focus on? ...................................... 85
Autofocus Using Face Detection ............................................................. 88
Autofocus (AF) / Manual Focus (MF) Switch ........................................... 89
Single-Shot AF / Continuous AF Focusing Modes .................................... 90
CONTINUOUS SHOOTING AND MEMORY CARDS .................................................... 91
BATTERIES ..................................................................................................... 94
THE OTHER BATTERY ....................................................................................... 97
FLASH ........................................................................................................... 98
FLASH EXPOSURE ACCURACY ............................................................................. 99
MY PERSONAL CAMERA SETTINGS .................................................................... 103
CHAPTER 3 THE FUNCTION (FN) FUNCTIONS ......................................... 113
DRIVE MODE ............................................................................................... 113
Single-Shot Advance ............................................................................. 114
Continuous Advance ............................................................................. 114
10s and 2s Self-Timers .......................................................................... 115
Bracketing ............................................................................................. 115
Bracketing for HDR (A77 only) .............................................................. 117
What exactly changes when you bracket? ........................................... 117
White Balance Bracketing .................................................................... 118
DRO Adv. Bracket .................................................................................. 119
Infrared Remote Commander ............................................................... 120
FLASH MODE ............................................................................................... 121
No Flash ................................................................................................ 121
Auto Flash ............................................................................................. 121
Fill Flash ................................................................................................ 122
Rear Sync .............................................................................................. 123
Wireless Flash ....................................................................................... 125
Slow Sync Flash (A77 only - not in the menu) ....................................... 125

AUTOFOCUS MODE (A65 ONLY) ..................................................................... 127
AF AREA ..................................................................................................... 129
Wide ...................................................................................................... 129
Zone ...................................................................................................... 129
Spot ....................................................................................................... 131
Local ...................................................................................................... 131
OBJECT TRACKING ......................................................................................... 133
FACE DETECTION ........................................................................................... 135
On (Registered Faces) ........................................................................... 136
SMILE SHUTTER ............................................................................................ 137
ISO ............................................................................................................ 139
High ISO Noise Levels ............................................................................ 139
Multi-Frame Noise Reduction (MFNR) .................................................. 141
AUTO ISO Settings................................................................................. 143
Specifying Auto ISO Boundaries (A77 only) ........................................... 144
Less-than-100 ISO Values (A77 only) .................................................... 144
METERING MODE ......................................................................................... 146
Center-weighted and Multi-Segment Metering ................................... 148
Spot Metering ....................................................................................... 150
FLASH EXPOSURE COMPENSATION .................................................................... 152
WHITE BALANCE ........................................................................................... 153
Auto White Balance and Pre-Set White Balance .................................. 154
Tweaking the Pre-Set White Balance .................................................... 158
The Color Temperature setting ............................................................. 159
Custom White Balance .......................................................................... 160
DYNAMIC RANGE OPTIMIZATION AND HDR ....................................................... 162
CREATIVE STYLES ........................................................................................... 163
Frequently Asked Questions ................................................................. 166
Contrast Setting .................................................................................... 169
Saturation Setting ................................................................................. 170
Sharpness Setting ................................................................................. 171
Combining Settings ............................................................................... 172
B&W Mode ........................................................................................... 174
PICTURE EFFECTS .......................................................................................... 176
Soft Focus .............................................................................................. 179
Rich-Tone Monochrome........................................................................ 179
HDR Painting ......................................................................................... 180
Miniature Mode .................................................................................... 181
How do these effects differ from before? ............................................. 183
CHAPTER 4 THE “RECORDING” (CAMERA ICON) MENU SETTINGS ......... 185
IMAGE SIZE .................................................................................................. 185
ASPECT RATIO .............................................................................................. 187
QUALITY ...................................................................................................... 188
PANORAMA / 3D PANORAMA FUNCTIONS ......................................................... 190
viii Table of Contents
3D Panorama ........................................................................................ 194
Other ways to view 3D .mpo Files ......................................................... 195
LONG EXPOSURE NR ..................................................................................... 197
HI ISO NR ................................................................................................... 198
FLASH CONTROL ............................................................................................ 200
POWER RATIO (A77 ONLY) ............................................................................. 203
AF ILLUMINATOR .......................................................................................... 204
COLOR SPACE ............................................................................................... 206
STEADYSHOT ................................................................................................ 208
SHOOTING TIP LIST (A65 ONLY) ...................................................................... 210
EXPOSURE STEP (A77 ONLY) .......................................................................... 211
AF-A SETUP (A77 ONLY) ................................................................................ 213
PRIORITY SETUP (A77 ONLY) ........................................................................... 215
AF W/ SHUTTER (A77 ONLY) ........................................................................... 216
MEMORY (A77 ONLY) ................................................................................... 218
CHAPTER 5 “CUSTOM” (GEAR ICON) MENU SETTINGS........................... 221
EYE-START AF .............................................................................................. 221
FINDER / LCD SETTING .................................................................................. 224
RED EYE REDUCTION...................................................................................... 225
RELEASE W/O LENS ....................................................................................... 226
AUTO+ CONT. SHOOTING ............................................................................... 227
AUTO+ IMAGE EXTRACT. ................................................................................ 228
GRID LINE .................................................................................................... 229
AUTO REVIEW .............................................................................................. 231
DISP BUTTON (MONITOR & FINDER) ............................................................... 231
Graphic Display ..................................................................................... 234
Level ...................................................................................................... 235
Histogram ............................................................................................. 235
For Viewfinder (Rear LCD only) ............................................................. 236
PEAKING LEVEL / PEAKING COLOR .................................................................... 237
LIVE VIEW DISPLAY ........................................................................................ 239
FUNC. OF AEL BUTTON .................................................................................. 241
ISO BUTTON ................................................................................................ 244
AF/MF BUTTON (A77 ONLY) .......................................................................... 244
PREVIEW BUTTON ......................................................................................... 246
FOCUS HOLD BUTTON .................................................................................... 248
SMART TELECON. BUTTON .............................................................................. 249
Smart Teleconverter ............................................................................. 250
Focus Magnifier .................................................................................... 251
CTRL DIAL SETUP (A77 ONLY) .......................................................................... 253
Program Shift ........................................................................................ 253
DIAL EXP. COMP (A77 ONLY) .......................................................................... 255
EXP. COMP. SET (A77 ONLY)........................................................................... 257
Table of Contents ix
BRACKET ORDER (A77 ONLY) .......................................................................... 258
AF DRIVE SPEED (A77 ONLY) ........................................................................... 259
LENS COMP.: [THREE VARIABLES] ..................................................................... 260
Shading ................................................................................................. 261
Chromatic Aberration ........................................................................... 262
Distortion .............................................................................................. 262
FRONT CURTAIN SHUTTER............................................................................... 263
FACE REGISTRATION ...................................................................................... 265
CHAPTER 6 THE “PLAYBACK” MENU SETTINGS ...................................... 267
DELETE ........................................................................................................ 267
VIEW MODE ................................................................................................ 269
SLIDE SHOW ................................................................................................. 270
But what if you have an older analog TV? ............................................ 272
Slide Show using the Optional Infrared Remote Commander............... 274
PhotoTV HD and Bravia Sync ................................................................ 274
3D VIEWING ................................................................................................ 276
PROTECT ..................................................................................................... 277
SPECIFY PRINTING ......................................................................................... 278
Printing the Date on the image ............................................................ 279
Cancelling DPOF files ............................................................................ 279
VOLUME SETTINGS ........................................................................................ 279
PLAYBACK DISPLAY ........................................................................................ 280
CHAPTER 7 MEMORY CARD MENU SETTINGS ........................................ 281
FORMAT ...................................................................................................... 281
FILE NUMBER ............................................................................................... 284
FOLDER NAME .............................................................................................. 285
If standard form is Selected .................................................................. 285
If Date Form is Selected ........................................................................ 286
SELECT REC FOLDER ...................................................................................... 288
NEW FOLDER ............................................................................................... 288
RECOVER IMAGE DB ...................................................................................... 289
DISPLAY CARD SPACE ..................................................................................... 290
CHAPTER 8 DATE, TIME, AND AREA MENU SETTINGS ............................ 291
DATE/TIME SETUP ........................................................................................ 291
AREA SETTING .............................................................................................. 291
CHAPTER 9 THE “SETUP” (WRENCH ICON) MENU SETTINGS .................. 293
MENU START ............................................................................................... 293
LCD BRIGHTNESS .......................................................................................... 294
VIEWFINDER BRIGHT. ..................................................................................... 295
GPS SETTINGS .............................................................................................. 295
Viewing on a Map ................................................................................. 297
x Table of Contents
More about GPS .................................................................................... 298
GPS Menu Settings ................................................................................ 300
POWER SAVE................................................................................................ 301
HDMI RESOLUTION ...................................................................................... 303
CTRL FOR HDMI .......................................................................................... 304
USB CONNECTION ........................................................................................ 305
AUDIO SIGNALS ............................................................................................ 307
CLEANING MODE .......................................................................................... 308
More about Dust ................................................................................... 308
Dust on the Mirror ................................................................................ 311
DELETE CONFIRM. (A77 ONLY) ........................................................................ 314
AF MICRO ADJ. (A77 ONLY) ........................................................................... 315
Frequently Asked Questions ................................................................. 316
How to Test ........................................................................................... 316
Another way to Test.............................................................................. 321
UPLOAD SETTINGS (EYE-FI CARD ONLY) ............................................................. 322
VERSION ...................................................................................................... 322
LANGUAGE................................................................................................... 323
MODE DIAL GUIDE ........................................................................................ 324
DEMO MODE ............................................................................................... 324
INITIALIZE .................................................................................................... 325
CHAPTER 10 EXTERIORLY-SET SETTINGS .................................................. 327
PASM KNOB ............................................................................................... 327
THE SCENE SELECTION MODES ........................................................................ 328
Portrait.................................................................................................. 329
Sports Action ......................................................................................... 330
Macro ................................................................................................... 332
Landscape ............................................................................................. 333
Sunset ................................................................................................... 334
Night Scene ........................................................................................... 334
Handheld Twilight ................................................................................. 335
Night Portrait ....................................................................................... 336
PANORAMA / 3D PANORAMA MODE ............................................................... 337
10 / 12 PICTURES PER SECOND MODE ............................................................... 337
MOVIE MODE .............................................................................................. 338
“NO FLASH” MODE (A65 ONLY) ...................................................................... 339
MR (MEMORY RECALL - A77 ONLY) ................................................................ 340
DRIVE MODE BUTTON ................................................................................... 340
WHITE BALANCE BUTTON ............................................................................... 340
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION BUTTON ................................................................. 341
ISO BUTTON ................................................................................................ 343
AEL BUTTON ............................................................................................... 343
Slow Sync (A77 only) ............................................................................. 345
Table of Contents xi
AF/MF BUTTON (A77 ONLY) ......................................................................... 346
MOVIE BUTTON ............................................................................................ 347
DISP BUTTON .............................................................................................. 347
SMART TELECONVERTER / FOCUS MAGNIFIER BUTTON ........................................ 348
PLAYBACK BUTTON ........................................................................................ 349
THE HELP / DELETE BUTTON ........................................................................... 350
MENU BUTTON ............................................................................................ 351
FOCUS MODE KNOB / SWITCH ........................................................................ 351
PREVIEW BUTTON ......................................................................................... 353
VIEWFINDER EYEPIECE DIOPTER CORRECTION ..................................................... 354
FLASH SYNC TERMINAL (A77 ONLY) ................................................................. 356
REMOTE TERMINAL CONNECTOR ...................................................................... 357
REMOTE COMMANDER (INFRARED) RECEIVER .................................................... 362
“DC IN” CONNECTOR .................................................................................... 363
USB AND HDMI CONNECTORS ....................................................................... 364
VERTICAL GRIP (A77 ONLY) ............................................................................ 365
MICROPHONE CONNECTOR ............................................................................. 367
ON-OFF SWITCH ........................................................................................... 368
CHAPTER 11 MOVIE MODE AND ITS MENU SETTINGS ............................. 369
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 369
MORE DETAIL............................................................................................... 370
Best Lenses for Movie Making .............................................................. 372
EXTERNAL MICROPHONES ............................................................................... 375
EXTERNAL DISPLAY ........................................................................................ 376
MANUAL CONTROL IN MOVIE MODE ................................................................ 377
IMPORTING YOUR FILES TO YOUR COMPUTER ..................................................... 378
.modd and .moff Files ........................................................................... 379
THE FILE FORMATS ........................................................................................ 380
More About the Formats ...................................................................... 381
Choosing a Video Format ...................................................................... 383
Why is my camera warning me when I change formats? ..................... 385
“Can’t Record this Kind of Movie” ........................................................ 385
EDITING YOUR FOOTAGE ................................................................................. 385
SAVING A FREEZE FRAME ................................................................................ 387
CREATING DISCS ........................................................................................... 388
Burning AVCHD videos .......................................................................... 389
Creating a Data Disc ............................................................................. 390
MOVIE TRACER ............................................................................................. 391
PLAYING MOVIES ON YOUR PS3 ...................................................................... 391
AUDIO RECORDING ........................................................................................ 392
WIND NOISE REDUCTION ............................................................................... 393
STEADYSHOT (FOR MOVIES ONLY)..................................................................... 394
TELL A STORY ............................................................................................... 395
xii Table of Contents
CHAPTER 12 WIRELESS FLASH AND ADVANCED FLASH TOPICS ................ 397
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 397
FLASH MODELS ............................................................................................. 402
HOW DOES IT WORK? .................................................................................... 404
AS SIMPLE AS IT GETS .................................................................................... 407
THE NEW WIRELESS PROTOCOL ....................................................................... 410
INTERMIXING THE NEW AND OLD FLASHES ......................................................... 412
HOW TO DO RATIO FLASH ............................................................................... 416
Ratio Flash using a 36 and/or 56 as slaves ........................................... 419
Advanced 2- or 3-way Ratio Flash using a 42 and/or 58 as slaves ....... 421
GROUPS AND CHANNELS ................................................................................ 427
WILL THE CONTROL BURSTS AFFECT EXPOSURE?................................................. 428
BOUNCE FLASH ............................................................................................. 429
LIGHT MODIFIERS .......................................................................................... 430
Umbrellas and Softboxes ...................................................................... 431
MANUAL FLASH MODE .................................................................................. 435
To put the 56 into Manual Slave mode ................................................. 436
To put the 43 and 58 into Manual Slave mode ..................................... 437
To put the 42 into Manual Slave mode ................................................. 438
HIGH SPEED SYNC (HSS) FLASH ....................................................................... 439
How it works ......................................................................................... 439
How to Activate HSS ............................................................................. 442
BALANCING AMBIENT LIGHT AND FLASH ............................................................ 442
TO PROBE FURTHER....................................................................................... 448
CHAPTER 13 DRO AND HDR ..................................................................... 449
DYNAMIC RANGE OPTIMIZATION ..................................................................... 449
How it Works ........................................................................................ 451
More DRO examples ............................................................................. 454
Frequently Asked Questions about DRO ............................................... 454
So When Does DRO kick in? .................................................................. 458
When DRO is bad .................................................................................. 460
Combining with Sunset Image Style...................................................... 461
DRO on Your Computer ......................................................................... 461
HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE (HDR) ........................................................................ 462
DRO VS. HDR.............................................................................................. 467
CHAPTER 14 DIGITAL IMAGING TOPICS ................................................... 471
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 471
AN INTRODUCTION TO RAW ........................................................................... 472
THE BAYER FILTER AND DEMOSAICING .............................................................. 474
HOW YOUR CAMERA CREATES A JPG ............................................................... 480
RAW, TIF, AND JPG COMPARED ..................................................................... 482
JPG COMPRESSION ARTIFACTS ........................................................................ 485
Table of Contents xiii
ANY OTHER UPSIDES TO SHOOTING .JPG? ........................................................ 488
RAW PROCESSING USING RAWTHERAPEE AND NEATIMAGE .................................. 489
Step 1: Convert the RAW File ................................................................ 490
Step 2: Apply Noise Reduction .............................................................. 491
RAW PROCESSING USING LIGHTROOM 3.3 OR ADOBE CAMERA RAW CS5 ............. 497
A FINAL RANT ABOUT HIGH-ISO NOISE AND CAMERA REVIEWS ............................ 499
IMAGE SIZE AND RESOLUTION .......................................................................... 500
“HOT PIXELS”............................................................................................... 501
MEMORY CARDS ........................................................................................... 502
Some Background on MemoryStick Pro Duo ........................................ 503
Some Background on SD Memory Cards .............................................. 505
Memory Card Corruption Issues ........................................................... 506
CHAPTER 15 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES .................................................... 509
INTERNET FORUMS AND DISCUSSION BOARDS .................................................... 509
LENS RENTAL ................................................................................................ 511
3RD PARTY CAMERA TRIGGERS ......................................................................... 511
CAMERA AND LENS REVIEW SITES .................................................................... 512
25 WAYS TO “WOW!” E-BOOKLET .................................................................. 513
ADVANCED TOPICS 1 AND 2 ............................................................................ 515
AN INTRODUCTION TO SONY’S WIRELESS FLASH (VIDEO) ...................................... 516
THE FRIEDMAN ARCHIVES SEMINARS ................................................................ 516
What Others Are Saying ....................................................................... 518
FACEBOOK AND THE FRIEDMAN ARCHIVES BLOG ................................................. 518
THE ROAD TO CHINA ..................................................................................... 519
THE MAUI XAPHOON ..................................................................................... 521
EPILOGUE .................................................................................................... 522
APPENDIX A A CONDENSED GUIDE TO THE BASICS.................................. 523
SHUTTER SPEEDS ........................................................................................... 523
F/STOPS ...................................................................................................... 525
ISO ............................................................................................................ 526
FOCAL LENGTH ............................................................................................. 527
TRADEOFFS .................................................................................................. 527
PROGRAM SHIFT ........................................................................................... 528
THE HISTOGRAM DISPLAY ............................................................................... 530
Brightness range, sensors, and the human eye .................................... 530
Using the Histogram for a fin(d)er degree of control ........................... 533
THE “SECRETS” TO LIGHT AND COMPOSITION ..................................................... 539
WRITING WITH LIGHT .................................................................................... 540
COMPOSITION – THE RULE OF THIRDS ............................................................... 542
Out of place shot ................................................................................... 546
Texture .................................................................................................. 546
Classical Portrait ................................................................................... 548
Environmental Portrait ......................................................................... 548
xiv Table of Contents
“Hey, Look at Me!” ............................................................................... 548
APPENDIX B A “COOKBOOK” FOR SPECIAL SHOOTING SITUATIONS ........ 551
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 551
FIREWORKS .................................................................................................. 552
ARTISTIC WATERFALLS ................................................................................... 553
STAGE PERFORMANCES / ROCK CONCERTS ......................................................... 554
NIGHTTIME TIME EXPOSURES .......................................................................... 555
SHOOTING IN SNOW ...................................................................................... 556
STREET PHOTOGRAPHY ................................................................................... 557
SUNSETS AND SILHOUETTES ............................................................................. 559
THE MOON .................................................................................................. 560
NIGHTTIME SPORTS ....................................................................................... 561
CHRISTMAS LIGHTS ........................................................................................ 562
PRODUCT SHOTS ........................................................................................... 563
INTERIORS THAT SELL...................................................................................... 564
LIGHTNING ................................................................................................... 565
CANDLELIGHT SHOTS ..................................................................................... 566
APPENDIX C TIP CARDS ............................................................................ 567
INDEX ......................................................................................................... 568

All geared to the A65/A77

Well worth it.

Russ

 RussAdams's gear list:RussAdams's gear list
Konica Minolta Maxxum 7D Sony Alpha DSLR-A700 Sony SLT-A77 Sony a77 II
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