Equivalent focal length for MFT lenses

Started Apr 12, 2013 | Discussions thread
JeanPierre Martel Veteran Member • Posts: 3,043
Re: Equivalent focal length for MFT lenses

KenBalbari wrote:
Your Wikipedia source agrees with me on this.  First sentence in the summary at top:

"In optics, the f-number (sometimes called focal ratio, f-ratio, f-stop, or relative aperture) of an optical system is the ratio of the lens's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil."

That's what she says: it's a ratio.

And f/N means focal length divided by f-number.  So f/2.8 means focal length divided by 2.8. And that is a measure of the aperture.  If you measure f in mm, then the aperture is also in mm.

It's more complicated than that. F/2,8 means the focal length of the lens (let's say 50mm) divided by 2,8. It indicates the relative diameter of the opening of the iris. For a given lens, the more that diameter is big, the more the F stop is small. So it's an reverse relation for a given lens.

However, when we compare two different lenses, that diameter will be smaller in a 12mm prime lens compared to a 60mm prime lens when both are at F/2,8. Why ? Because the F stop number is a ratio and nothing but a ratio.

 JeanPierre Martel's gear list:JeanPierre Martel's gear list
Olympus E-M5 II Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 75mm F1.8 Olympus 12-40mm F2.8 Leica Nocticron 42.5mm Olympus 40-150mm F2.8 Pro +23 more
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