Purple flare: Causes and remedies

Started Mar 1, 2013 | Discussions thread
micksh6 Senior Member • Posts: 2,613
Re: Purple flare: Causes and remedies

Anders W wrote:

According to the broschure descring the new Leica M (p. 22), from which I borrow the drawing shown below of the sensor architecture of a "standard CMOS sensor" (not the one used by Leica M), "rays of incoming light at large angles of incidence can fail to reach the photodiode of the corresponding pixel and reach only the adjacent pixel". One possibility is the one shown by the drawing, where a photon passes directly through the filter of one pixel and then on to the photodiode of another. Another possibility, not shown in this drawing, is that a photon is reflected, after having passed the filter of one pixel, in such a way as to end up at the photodiode of another pixel.

Thanks a lot for the test and writing.
I have just one comment regarding microlenses and CFA effect. Take a look at the picture at the bottom of my post. I took it from mu-43.com forum and it was shot with OM-D and 7-14mm wide open (aperture blades didn't impact the flare).

I'm sure the purple flare you see is a result of reflection between sensor and rear lens element. You can see the pattern of the blinds appearing on the wall. The pattern is smaller than real blinds pattern probably because the rear element is a bit concave? (I don't have 7-14mm)

Based on this I think the only thing we can tell for sure is that OM-D sensor is too reflective under certain conditions such as certain light angles and wavelength(s). The resulting reflected wavelength appears purple in sensor output. Reflectivity and coating of lens rear element most likely also plays some role.

Where the reflection on sensor happens exactly is not clear. But it is possible that purple cast appears because reflected light passes through CFA and the CFA affects reflection in some irregular way. I would think purple color is a result of light passing through both red and blue filters, omitting green. In this case the light would have to be close to diagonal because red and blue only have common corners. But, since we also see horizontal and vertical flares the issue is probably more complicated.

OM-D, 7-14mm @F4

Original thread where I took the picture from: http://www.mu-43.com/f38/panasonic-7-14-gh3-39958/index2.html

PS. BTW, "color channel pollution" is called color cross-talk (sometimes color bleeding) in some imaging industries.

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