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Both Nikon and Canon have significantly updated their cameras since this article was written. We conducted a new comparison in April 2020, which reflects the current situation.

Click here to read our updated in-depth comparison.

Sony had the full-frame mirrorless market to itself for nearly five years. And, while it's been doing clever and interesting things with the likes of the a9, it's the more basic a7 models that have had the most impact. The original a7 was the least-expensive full-frame camera yet launched, which helped make the format look more accessible than it had been since the film era.

They're all good cameras but there are practical differences

But it's no longer alone, with both Nikon's Z6 and Canon's EOS R both arriving priced in the $2000 region. The Canon stands out a little, costing 15% more and, with its simpler control system, not being so overtly aimed at committed enthusiasts. But in most respects, these cameras are direct competitors.

Before going any further, we should make clear that they're all good cameras (most modern cameras are), they're all very well built and can all take great photos, so don't listen to anyone who says any one of them is terrible. However, there are practical differences, so we're going to look at what each offers in different shooting situations.