Mobile photography finds a place in the fine arts world
The advent of mobile photography has inspired the masses to start shooting in never before seen magnitudes. The photo sharing app Instagram is just one indication of its immense appeal, having attracted 100 million members who’d posted 5 billion images before the app even had its two-year anniversary.
Perhaps in part because of its intense mainstream popularity, some circles have been slow to accept the genre as anything more than Twitter in photographic form and firmly resist consideration of the medium as fine art.
Jon Burris, executive director at [Artspace] at Untitled, an art gallery in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is among those in the fine arts community embracing the possibilities of this burgeoning art form.
This past summer the gallery hosted its second annual exhibition of cell phone photography, entitled Cell Phones in Summer. The open call for entries garnered far more interest this year than last, and a final juried selection of works by 38 artists were featured. Burris expects the trend to continue to grow, and is anticipating a third annual event next year.
The gallery has labeled all participants in its most recent mobile photography exhibition “image makers” to account for the uninhibited style of photography a cell phone allows.
Burris, who’s been personally exploring mobile photography since purchasing the original iPhone, was intrigued by the idea of a mobile photography exhibit when he came across a virtual exhibit of cell phone photography online a few years ago organized by another gallery. A good idea, but at the time he felt the quality of the images wasn’t quite up to par. Burris shelved the idea until the technology caught up.
Burris’s fine arts perspective has informed his ideas about a cell phone aesthetic that’s related to the average distance people are standing from their subjects. With limited zoom capabilities on most devices, Burris is interested in how are our personal space bubbles are shaping this look and feel of mobile photography. He is also noticing that the propensity to shoot at eye level is influencing the aesthetic of most mobile photography.
“I thought we would see more intimacy,” Burris noted of the recent Cell Phones in Summer exhibition.
Burris compares the reluctance to accept smartphone photography as a valid art form to the same hesitation toward digital photography several years ago. Collectors once shied away from purchasing digital prints in favor of those made from film. Burris anticipates the same necessary learning curve for collectors as well as the general public to take mobile photography seriously, but expects that in the future, galleries like his won’t put so much emphasis on the medium, instead focusing on the art. He envisions a digital print of an image taken on an iPhone 4S hanging next to a silver gelatin print on gallery walls worldwide.
(A short aside: Burris developed a relationship with the photographer Ansel Adams after serving as a curator for Adams’ work at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City. Burris guessed that the forward-looking photographer who mused about processing electronic images through a television-like device long before the advent of digital photography and who was among the pioneers of Polaroid photography would have been interested in mobile photography too. “He’s probably be developing an app,” Burris teased, pondering a Zone app. Indeed the Zone System Companion app already exists. One wonders what Adams would have thought of it.)
Such shifts have happened before, he noted, citing the slow inclusion of Polaroid images into the fine arts realm. Mobile photography is just another trend, one of many Burris has been watching for decades, having worked as a photographer and curator since the 1970s.
“People will free up their thinking more,” Burris said of the old guard that’s unsure of the new mobile photography medium. “There’s no one way to use photography.”
Indeed, there's many indications of the infiltration of mobile photography into the fine arts realm.
The L.A. Mobile Arts Festival was touted as the world's largest, held in Los Angeles, Calif., this past August. The nine-day event encompassed not just mobile photography, but also video, sculptural and performance art related to mobile devices. Its founders, the creators of iPhoneArt.com, showcase the work of mobile photographers in online galleries and recently launched the iPrints Store, specializing in museum-quality fine art prints of mobile art.
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