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Top of camera controls

Like the rest of its design, the top of the camera is distinctly entry-level-DSLR-like, with little room for surprises. So there's a mode dial with a mixture of scene modes and the P, A, S and M modes for those photographers who want to choose the level of automation they have to deal with. There's also shutter button surrounded by an on/off switch and a well-placed control dial for adjusting various camera settings.

On the far right corner of the camera are the slightly less accessible 'green' and drive mode buttons. It can be a bit of a stretch to reach them but it's unlikely that you'll want to press either of them with the camera to your eye, so arguably it isn't a serious problem.

Mode Dial

Position
 
Function
 

Smart Auto Mode

Samsung's point-and-shoot auto mode. This includes a scene recognition system that assesses the scene in an attempt to best tailor its behavior to the subject. Its chosen scene type is indicated at the bottom of the screen.

The scenes it can choose from are:
 • Landscape
 • Landscape (Blue sky)
 • Landscape (Nature shot)
 • Night landscape
 • Backlit landscape
 • Portrait
 • Night portrait
 • Backlit portrait
 • Bright background
 • Sunset shot
 • Close-up shot
 • Close-up character shot
 • Colorful close-up
 • Close-up portrait
 • Sports mode
 • Tripod mode

P Programmed Auto

The Program function automatically selects shutter speed and aperture based on the camera's metered value. It features program shift, allowing you to adjust the shutter-speed/aperture pairing to your chosen combination (while maintaining the same overall exposure):

So if program mode gave you a pairing of 1/100th of a second and F4.0, nudging the command dial to the left would give you F4.5 and 1/80th of a second, whereas nudging it to the right would give F3.5 and 1/125th of a second.

A Aperture Priority Auto

In this mode you select the aperture and the camera will calculate the shutter speed for the exposure (depending on metered value; metering mode, ISO). Aperture is displayed on the display, turning the dial selects different apertures. A half-press of the shutter release causes the camera's exposure system to calculate the shutter speed, if it's outside of the cameras exposure range the chosen aperture is shown in yellow.
S Shutter Priority Auto

In this mode you select the shutter speed and the camera will calculate the correct aperture for the exposure (depending on metered value; metering mode, ISO). Shutter speed is displayed on the display, turn the dial to select different shutter speeds. A half-press of the shutter release causes the camera's exposure system to calculate the aperture. If this requires an aperture wider that the camera can achieve, the shutter speed will be shown in yellow.
M

Full Manual Exposure

In this mode you select the aperture and the shutter speed from any combination of the above (and additionally Bulb shutter). Turn the dial to adjust shutter speed and aperture (hold the exposure compensation button to change aperture). The exposure scale in the viewfinder/display will indicate how close you are to the metered exposure (+/- 3 EV).

Night Mode

Uses wide apertures and long exposures for shooting in dark conditions. Use of a tripod, remote release or self-timer is recommended. White balance, metering, focus mode and ISO are fixed but exposure compensation is still available.

Portrait Mode

Automatically uses Face Detection AF and selects a wide aperture to produce portrait images. White balance, metering, focus mode and ISO are fixed but exposure compensation is still available.

Landscape Mode

Aims to optimize the camera's settings for shooting landscape images. Assumes the focus distance will be quite high and uses an intermediate aperture to optimize depth-of-field. White balance, metering, focus mode and ISO are fixed but exposure compensation is still available.

SCENE

Scene Mode

Gives access to a larger selection of presets for very specific shooting situations. Pressing the Fn button lets you choose between these presets:

  • Children
  • Close-up
  • Text
  • Sunset
  • Dawn
  • Backlight
  • Fireworks
  • Beach & Snow
  • Beauty Shot

Movie Mode

Gives you access to the movie recording function. Within movie mode you can choose between Program and Aperture-Priority mode. You can also control the following parameters:

  • Resolution (1280x720, 640x480, 320x240
  • Quality (Normal, HQ)
  • Fader (Off, In, Out, Both)
  • Sound (Off, On)
  • OIS (Mode 1, Mode 2)

The 'fader' option performs a quick fade from or to black at the beginning or end of your clip (or both).

Buttons / Switches

Button/switch
 
Options / description
 
Control Dial

Used to change settings and navigate menus, and to select shutter speed in M mode. The dial is also used for scrolling through images in playback mode.

Green button

Used to reset various functions, including exposure compensation or white balance fine tuning. So pressing it at the same time as pressing the exp. comp. button or when in the white balance fine adjust screen resets to default values.


Drive mode

Allows you to choose the camera's drive mode, from the following options:

 • Single shot
 • Continuous drive
 • Burst (1472x976 at 30fps)
 • Self-timer (2-30 seconds in 1 second increments)
 • Exposure bracketing (takes 3 shots, up to +/- 3EV in 0.3 or 0.5 EV steps, set in main menu)
 • WB bracketing (makes 3 images, choice of 3 magnitudes in either A-B or G-M axis)
 • Picture Wizard bracketing (makes 3 images with your 3 chosen parameter presets)

Lens barrel controls

On the side of the NX10's kit zoom (the 18-55mm) is the OIS on/off switch and a MF/AF switch. Because it offers a physical MF/AF switch, it is not possible to enter manual focus mode through the camera's menu. OIS mode is controlled via the camera's function menu.

The 35mm F2 lens has no OIS and has no external switches (the MF/AF option is controlled from the camera body).

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