PIX 2015
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ISO Accuracy

The actual sensitivity of each indicated ISO is measured using the same shots as are used to measure ISO noise levels, we simply compare the exposure for each shot to the metered light level (using a calibrated Sekonic L-358), middle gray matched. We estimate the accuracy of these results to be +/- 1/6 EV (the margin of error given in the ISO specifications). Note that these tests are based on the sRGB JPEG output of the cameras, in accordance with ISO 12232:2006, the standard used by camera manufacturers. We found that measured ISO from the D3100 is roughly 1/3EV higher than indicated - so ISO 100 = ISO 125 (approx). This holds true throughout the entire ISO range, but a discrepancy this small has little practical impact upon everyday photography.

Noise and Noise Reduction (JPEG)

This is our standard studio scene comparison shot taken from exactly the same tripod position. Lighting: daylight simulation, >98% CRI. Crops are 100%. Ambient temperature was approximately 22°C (~72°F).

Note: this page features our new interactive noise comparison widget. By default, we show you the default noise reduction settings of the camera tested, and three other models of the same class. You can select from all available NR options, and from other cameras. The 'tricolor' patches beneath the familiar gray/black/portrait images are taken from the same test chart, and show how noise impacts upon blue, green and red areas of a scene.

The Nikon D3100's default noise reduction setting is 'On' and we'd be happy to leave it at that setting. The camera does a good job of keeping noise in check without too much of a negative effect on image quality. The effects of noise reduction (both in terms of detail loss and noise suppression) are only really visible above ISO 1600 and even at 3200 the results are excellent.

From ISO 6400 noise is increasingly allowed into the image but even at this point the attempts to keep it down don't result in unreasonable amounts of detail loss. Only at the ISO 12800 equivalent setting (Hi2 in Nikon terminology) does the camera lose its struggle against noise - as we're used to seeing in cameras with this sensor size - there's just too much noise to cope with and the image quality drops dramatically. However, this is an ISO setting that's still pretty ambitious, so we're not at all surprised by this result.

RAW noise (ACR 6.3 - noise reduction set to zero)

Here we look at the RAW files processed through Adobe Camera Raw (in this case version 6.3). Images are brightness matched and processed with all noise reduction options set to zero. Adobe does a degree of noise reduction even when the user-controlled NR is turned off.

The amount of NR applied 'under the hood' is not high, but it does vary by camera (Adobe is attempting to normalize output across different sensors), so inevitably we are still looking at a balance of noise and noise reduction, rather than pure noise levels. However, the use of the most popular third-party RAW converter is intended to give a photographically relevant result, rather than simply comparing sensor performance in an abstract manner.

The three APS-C cameras in this comparison are all so close as to make no difference (which to a degree tells us as much about Adobe's ability to normalize the various cameras' outputs as about the cameras themselves). The E-PL1, despite its slightly smaller Four Thirds sensor, keeps pace at ISOs up to 800, but above that starts to show visibly more noise, particularly in the blacks. The ISO 6400 and 12800 shots show just what the cameras' JPEG engines are having to cope with; pretty much all of the detail is swamped by noise at the highest setting.

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Total comments: 10

I bought this camera for my wife when it first hit shelves 5 years ago. We got the package deal that came with two great lenses, plus we bought a third. It's a fantastic DSLR camera with pro features, but simple enough for beginners to use out of the box. The only feature that's missing, and certainly not a deal breaker is the lack of an external microphone input. This is something photographers won't miss at all, yet a feature that filmakers can easily get around with some ingenuity. That leads into my new love of this little gem. As a budding filmaker, I was watching tutorials and reading articles on the subject and found out that most independent filmakers and some pros swear by DSLR cameras for their tool of choice for capture. I remembered my wife's Nikon 3100 and immediately repurposed it for my new endeavor. With a cage, shotgun mic, 7" live feed monitor and matte shade on the way--our Nikon 3100 will get even more use!


I'm using Nikkon D3100...can anyone suggest which other lens should fit into it for zoom as well as for wide angle pictures. please tell me the specifications. the current lens 18/55mm...


I have just bought the new Tokina 11-20 and it's amazingly sharp !
AF is fast an IQ is awsome.
For Zoom, I wait to buy the Tamron SP 150-600mm. I have currently the Nikkor 55-300. This one is a good one but now I want more.


More information is needed in order to answer this. There are plenty of fantastic lenses available. It just depends on your needs. What zoom magnification you need, for example.


salam hangat

saya memiliki camera nikon D3100 dan saya memiliki masalah pada camera saya,permasalahannya adalah ketika saya ingin melakukan pemotretan dengan modul manual atau auto lampu flash tidak menyala dan timbul tulisan (r24) pada Viewfinder Eyepiece namun apabila lampu flash tidak di aktifkan camera dapat melakukan proses pemotretan
terima kasih


i am a novice and use my D3100 in auto mode. do you know if i can set a slower shutter speed for effects and still stay in auto mode? i want to try special effects with motion blur. any help would be appreciated.
thank you
ali black


Hi Alice,
The short answer is no. One of the things you'll learn as you get acquainted with digital photography is that Auto Mode is a neat feature for quick shots that have predetermined settings calculated and set for you. I'm not sure if you're shooting video or stills, but the same principles apply to both.
Manual settings are where you can get down into the great features of DSLR cameras for what you are looking at doing.
You must learn these features to properly use your camera.
There are many great online resources that will walk you through it.

sarath cp

nikon d3100 is an intermediate dslr? right? i saw a post about guides for buying a dslr on www.know4u.com
actually they says that there is too much to investigate before buying one... is that true always..? the link is http://know4u.com/dslr%20photography/How%20to%20Choose%20a%20DSLR%20Camera/How%20to%20Choose%20a%20DSLR%20Camera.html


Looking at the comparison, it appears to my novice mind that the d3100 has in most areas slightly better specs than the d5000. Since I am looking at both of these cameras, would appreciate comments. The 3100 is on sale at the local camera shop; the 5000 is available on Craiglist at a considerably lower price, but is of course used.

Also; packed away I have two nikon entry level cameras from the early 1980's with quite a few E series lenses. The E series lens was standard on the two cameras. Will these work on the 3100 and 5000, and if so, are there problems in compatibility such as auto-focus, etc.


D3100 is a great camera. i bought another one recently new from Target..dont need anything newer or more $$$ this thing is just perfect.I think it only auto focuses with Nikon AF-S..you'll have to read up on 3rd party lenses for af.

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Total comments: 10