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Compared to... contd. Colour Patches

This is basically the same comparison we shot for the Canon EOS-D30 review, however this time we're using a colour corrected image sample for the D1.

Nikon D1 (corrected NTSC->sRGB) Canon EOS-D30
FujiFilm FinePix S1 Pro Nikon Coolpix 990

We're only measuring colour below. RGB values below were taken from a VGA reduced image (to average colours and eliminate JPEG artifacts) using the Eyedropper tool in Photoshop with a 5 by 5 Average Sample Size.

  Nikon
D1
(corrected)
Canon
EOS-D30
 
FujiFilm
FinePix S1 Pro
Nikon
Coolpix 990
Patch White 191,197,197 207,199,202 202,204,200 201,201,201
       
Middle Gray 100,106,107 100,99,101 91,93,91 104,104,104
       
Patch Red 187,25,49 203,35,42 225,24,28 223,52,58
       
Patch Green 0,122,41 15,138,56 12,130,58 5,149,63
       
Patch Blue 33,44,109 32,28,110 35,30,117 60,50,112
       


Resolution Charts

Shots here are of the PIMA/ISO 12233 standard resolution test chart (more available for comparison in our cameras database). How to read the charts: All values are 1/100 th lines/picture height. So the "10" value equates to 1000 lines/picture height.

Notes: Fujifilm S1 Pro sample shot at 6 megapixels (interpolated) thus crops will look much bigger than the other 3 megapixel cameras.

Nikon D1 Canon EOS-D30
FujiFilm FinePix S1 Pro Nikon Coolpix 990

Nikon D1 Canon EOS-D30
FujiFilm FinePix S1 Pro Nikon Coolpix 990

Nikon D1 Canon EOS-D30
FujiFilm FinePix S1 Pro Nikon Coolpix 990

Nikon D1 Canon EOS-D30
FujiFilm FinePix S1 Pro Nikon Coolpix 990

Measurable findings (three measurements taken for each camera):

Camera Measurement Absolute Res. Extinction Res.
Nikon
D1
Horiz LPH 1100 1300
Vert LPH 1150 1250
5o Diagonal LPH 900 n/a
Canon
EOS-D30
Horiz LPH 1100 1350
Vert LPH 1150 1300
5o Diagonal LPH 1000 n/a
FujiFilm
Finepix S1 Pro
Horiz LPH 1300 1450
Vert LPH 1200 1400
5o Diagonal LPH * 1000 n/a
Nikon
Coolpix 990
Horiz LPH 900 1300
Vert LPH 900 1400
5o Diagonal LPH 900 n/a

* Visible moiré artifacts

Definition of terms:

LPH Lines per Picture Height (to allow for different aspect ratios the measurement is the same for horizontal and vertical)
5o Diagonal Lines set at 5o diagonal
Absolute Resolution Still defined detail (below Nyquist frequency*)
Extinction Resolution Detail beyond camera's definition (becomes a solid gray alias)
n/a Not Available (above the capability of the test chart)
n/v Not Visible (not visible on test results)

* Nyquist frequency defined as the highest spatial frequency where the CCD can still faithfully record
image detail. Beyond the Nyquist frequency aliasing occurs

The D1 loses out very slightly to the D30 due to its slightly lower resolution sensor, however it does exhibit far less visible moiré than the D30.

Fujifilm's S1 Pro still rules the resolution roost, chart lines are still defined down to 1300 lines per picture height horizontally which is very impressive for a 3.2 megapixel CCD (remember, "interpolated" up to 6 megapixels).

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Comments

danieladougan

I used one of these in 2002 when I worked as a reporter/photographer for a community newspaper. It was, for its time, a pretty incredible machine even three years after it was introduced.

Compared to the Canon PowerShot A40 that I had just received quite excitedly as a college graduation gift, the D1 I used at work was like something out of a science fiction movie. It was lightning fast to focus and shoot, it had crazy low-light ability (ISO 1600), and the f2.8 AF-S zoom lenses that the newspaper had to go along with it were stellar.

Today with the improvements in sensor technology, you can get similar image quality in a smart phone (with a lot more resolution), and the professional DSLRs are just leaps and bounds ahead.

It's impossible to overstate just how significant a camera the D1 was for photojournalism and photography in general. Total game changer.

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