Top of camera controls
Unlike the 990 and 995 the 5000 does away with the separate M and A record modes, instead you choose record mode (and user set) by holding the FUNC button and rolling the command dial. Additionally you can also reprogram the FUNC button to any one of five functions (useful if you're always going to stay in one user setting, such as C.1). Each of the five possible FUNC functions are described below:
|FUNC programmed as||
Hold FUNC and turn
|User setting (default)||Display current user setting mode on rear control panel LCD.||Select user setting:
C.A (Full Auto / A-REC)
C.1 (Programmed Auto / M-REC)
C.2 (Programmed Auto / M-REC)
C.3 (Programmed Auto / M-REC)
|Select auto focus mode:
Landscape (Infinity lock)
Macro Focus + Self Timer
| Manual focus (metric):
2 - 26 cm in 1 cm steps
0.28, 0.30, 0.32, 0.35, 0.40, 0.45, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 7.0, 10.0 m, Infinity
|Switches through each
Select sensitivity mode:
|Display the current white balance setting on the rear control LCD.||Select white balance:
White balance preset
|Metering||Display the current metering setting on the rear control LCD.||Select metering mode:
Spot AF Area
Kudos to Nikon for providing a user configurable button on the top of the camera, this enables the photographer to have the camera setup to suite their style of photography. I personally liked to have the FUNC button programmed to White Balance.
Hold button and turn
|MODE||Toggles between shutter speed and aperture readout on the control panel. In manual exposure mode switch between shutter speed and aperture.||Select exposure mode
(as described below):
Programmed Auto (P)
Aperture Priority (A)
Shutter Priority (S)
|Display current exposure compensation value on rear control panel.||Set exposure
-2.0 EV to +2.0 EV in 0.3 EV steps
|Auto Exposure &/ Auto Focus Lock button. Press and hold this button to lock Auto Focus and/or Auto Exposure. The exact function of this button can be programmed.||No function|
Hold down the MODE button and roll the command dial allows you to scroll through the various exposure modes (displayed as a single letter on the control panel and main LCD). Only available on user settings C.1 - C3.
Programmed Auto - Camera calculates shutter speed and aperture for best possible exposure, rolling the command dial in this mode allows you to choose from a "Flexible program" selection of shutter speeds and apertures which would achieve the same exposure (P* is displayed in this mode), rolling to the right chooses higher shutter speed and larger apertures, rolling to the left chooses smaller apertures and slower shutter speeds, for example a shot in medium light:
What's interesting from the above is that although the Coolpix 5000 shoots at shutter speeds between 1/30, 1/60 and 1/125 sec it didn't display them when rotating the dial.. It may show 1/60 sec and shoot at 1/56 sec.
Aperture Priority - Aperture can be selected manually by rolling the command dial, the camera calculates the correct shutter speed based on the reading from the current metering mode. If the selected aperture would lead to an exposure outside of the camera's range the aperture will flash on both displays when the shutter release button is pressed halfway. Possible apertures are:
Wide: F2.8, F3.1, F3.5, F4.0, F4.4, F5.0, F5.6, F6.3,
As you can see because of the limited maximum aperture at full telephoto you have a selection of just five apertures at telephoto (all of which would give you a very large depth of field).
Shutter Priority - Shutter speed can be selected manually by rolling the command dial, the camera calculates the correct aperture based on the reading from the current metering mode. If the selected shutter speed would lead to an exposure outside of the camera's range the shutter speed will flash on both displays when the shutter release button is pressed halfway.
At shutter speeds slower than 1/4s the shutter speed is displayed in yellow to indicate possible noise in the final image. (In continuous mode Ultra HS the slowest speed is 1/30s, in Movie mode the slowest speed is 1/15s). Possible shutter speeds are:
1/2000, 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, 8
BULB exposures are only available in Manual exposure mode.
Manual - In manual mode you can select both shutter speed and aperture (switch between the two by tapping the MODE button). A value display on the control panel will indicate how much the image would be under or over exposed with a particular exposure setting. Also, available in Manual Exposure mode are BULB exposures, with this, the shutter will stay open for as long as the shutter release button is held, up to a maximum of 60 seconds (this can be extended to 5 minutes via a menu option).