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Top of camera controls (right)

On the top of the camera on the right side you will find the power switch, shutter release button, exposure mode and exposure compensation buttons. At the front and rear edges of this side of the camera, in line with the shutter release button are the two command dials (with a soft rubber coating). On the rear of the camera surrounding the AE-L/AF-L button is the metering mode selector, to the right of this the AF-ON button. Note that there is an option in the SETUP menu that allows you to swap the function of the front and rear command dials (as well as reverse the direction and decide whether you'd like to use them to navigate menus). The function of controls described below are for a camera with default settings.

Buttons combined with a dial turn are held while the dial is turned, however you can choose to simply have to press the button once and release (again using an option in the SETUP menu)

Power dial

OFF Power Off

Powers the camera off immediately, if there are images still buffered to be written the camera will remain on until the write has completed. When off the camera continues to display the remaining frames / frame count and CF status on the top LCD panel.
ON Power On

Switches the camera on, this is as fast as we can time it, as good as instant. There is simply no perceptible delay between turning the the dial and the first shot (you can even hold the shutter release and turn the power dial to test this).
Illuminate backlight

Flick the power switch to this position to illuminate the control panels backlight's (top and rear). The backlight stays on until you press any other button (or the power save kicks in)

Buttons (combined with dial turn)

  Main command dial (rear) Sub command dial (front)
MODE Exposure mode (detail below)

 • Programmed Auto (flexible)
 • Shutter-Priority Auto
 • Aperture-Priority Auto
 • Manual
No function
Exposure compensation

 • +/- 5 EV
 • 0.3, 0.5 or 1 EV steps (SETUP menu)
No function

Buttons (single press)

AF-ON AF-ON

The AF-ON button (repeated on the vertical hand grip) is an alternative to half-pressing the shutter release, it triggers the camera's auto focus system. You can if you wish have the camera set to that AF is not triggered by a shutter release half-press (via the SETUP menu) and only by the AF-ON button (some photographers prefer this).
AE-L
AF-L
AE / AF Lock

Pressing this button locks the current exposure and focus, in its default mode both AE and AF remain locked as long as you hold the button. The SETUP menu allows you to change the function of this button to lock just AE or just AF and whether or not you need to hold the button or can just press it once.

Metering Mode

3D Color matrix metering II / Color Matrix II / Color Matrix

3D Color matrix metering uses a 1005 pixel CCD to calculate the best exposure for the frame. 3D color matrix metering is only available with G type or D type lenses where the range information is used in conjunction with metered light. Color matrix II metering is used with other CPU lenses. Color matrix metering is used when focal length and aperture are entered manually using the 'Non-CPU lens data' menu item.
Center-weighted metering

The camera uses the entire frame for light measurement but assigns a greater weight to an area in the center of the frame (by default an 8 mm circle indicated on the viewfinder focus screen). The size of the circle used to define the "center" of the frame can be set (via the SETUP menu)
Spot metering

The camera measures light only in a circle 3 mm in diameter. This is tied to the currently selected AF area point unless dynamic AF or a non-CPU lens is used when it defaults to the center of the frame.

Exposure Modes

P Programmed Auto (flexible)

In this mode the camera automatically selects aperture and shutter speed based on the current metered exposure value, exposure compensation and selected ISO sensitivity. The S5 Pro's flexible program allows you to select one of a range of identical exposures (using different combinations of aperture and shutter speed) by turning the main command dial (also known as Program Shift). Example:

 • 1/125 sec, F9 (turn left one click)
 • 1/160 sec, F8.0 (turn left one click)
 • 1/200 sec, F7.1 (metered)
 • 1/250 sec, F6.3 (turn right one click)
 • 1/320 sec, F5.6 (turn right one click)
S Shutter-Priority Auto

In this mode you select the shutter speed and the camera will calculate the correct aperture depending on metered exposure, exposure compensation and ISO sensitivity. Turn the main command dial to select shutter speed (in 0.3, 0.5 or 1.0 EV exposure steps according to the value chosen in the SETUP menu ).

1/8000, 1/6400, 1/5000, 1/4000, 1/3200, 1/2500, 1/2000, 1/1600, 1/1250, 1/1000, 1/800, 1/640, 1/500, 1/400, 1/320, 1/250, 1/200, 1/160, 1/125, 1/100, 1/80, 1/60, 1/50, 1/40, 1/30, 1/25, 1/20, 1/15, 1/13, 1/10, 1/8, 1/6, 1/5, 1/4, 1/3, 1/2.5, 1/2, 1/1.6, 1/1.3, 1, 1.3, 1.6, 2, 2.5, 3.2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 20, 25, 30 sec, x250
A Aperture-Priority Auto

In this mode you select the aperture and the camera will calculate the correct shutter speed depending on metered exposure, exposure compensation and ISO sensitivity. Turn the sub command dial to select aperture (in 0.3, 0.5 or 1.0 EV exposure steps according to the value chosen in the SETUP menu). The exact range of apertures will depend on the lens used.
M

Manual Exposure

In this mode you define the exact exposure by selecting the aperture and the shutter speed manually. As above use the main command dial (rear) for shutter speed, sub command dial (front) for aperture. The meter on the viewfinder status bar and top LCD will immediately reflect the exposure level compared to the calculated ideal exposure, if outside of the range of the indicator bar (+/- 2 EV on the viewfinder LCD and +/- 3 EV on the top control panel) an arrow ('<' or '>') will appear at the end.

Top of camera controls (left)

The top left side of the camera has the mode dial which allows you to select the camera's drive mode, single, two continuous speeds, self-timer or mirror up. This dial is locked from accidental change and can only be turned by holding the lock release pin to the top left of the dial. On the top of this dial are three buttons for quality, white balance and ISO sensitivity. At the back we have the bracketing mode selector button and erase button (described on the next page).

Mode Dial

S Single frame shooting

One frame is taken with one depression of the shutter release button. You can of course still 'pump' shots as quickly as you can re-press the shutter release. The S5 Pro's shutter release button is the soft-press type which easily facilitates quick re-press.
CL

Continuous low speed shooting

Camera shoots continuously while the shutter release is depressed. In this mode the shooting rate varies from 1.0 to 2.0 frames per second depending on the Dynamic Range mode set, focus mode, shutter speed and so on. Images are buffered as they are taken and written out to the Compact Flash card in the background. Current buffer space is indicated on the viewfinder LCD status bar as a number prefixed with a lower case 'r' (eg. r07). You can continue shooting at a reduced frame rate once the buffer is full.

CH

Continuous high speed shooting

Camera shoots continuously while the shutter release is depressed. In this mode the shooting rate is a maximum 3.0 frames per second depending on the Dynamic Range mode set, focus mode, shutter speed and so on. Images are buffered as they are taken and written out to the Compact Flash card in the background. Current buffer space is indicated on the viewfinder LCD status bar as a number prefixed with a lower case 'r' (eg. r07). You can continue shooting at a reduced frame rate once the buffer is full.

Self-timer

Camera takes a shot after a predefined delay. This can be set to 2, 5, 10, or 20 seconds via the SETUP menu
M-UP

Mirror Up

Press the shutter release once to raise the mirror, again to take the shot. As we commented in the Nikon D2X and D200 review it would have been nice to have this combined with a self-timer so you don't need to touch the camera (or use a remote) to trigger the actual shutter release. (There is an exposure delay mode that offers something similar but the delay is not long enough).

Buttons (combined with a command dial)

The S5 Pro provides three different types of bracketing; exposure and flash bracketing, just exposure bracketing and just flash bracketing (the D200's white balance bracketing has been dropped). Bracketing type (as well as several other options) can be changed via the SETUP menu.

  Main command dial (rear) Sub command dial (front)
QUAL Image quality

 • RAW
 • Fine JPEG
 • Normal JPEG
 • RAW + Fine JPEG
 • RAW + Normal JPEG

Image size (all except RAW quality)

 • Large (4256 × 2848, 12.1 MP)
 • Medium (3024 × 2016, 6.1 MP)
 • Small (2304 x 1536, 3.54 MP)

WB White balance mode

 • Auto
 • Incandescent
 • Fluorescent
 • Fine
 • Flash
 • Shade
 • Color temperature (Kelvin)
 • White balance preset (1-5)

White balance adjustment

 

- Fluorescent Lamp 1 to 5



- Temperature 2500 K to 10000 K
- Preset 1 to 5

ISO Select sensitivity (ISO equiv.)

 • 100
 • 125
 • 160
 • 200
 • 250
 • 320
 • 400
 • 500
 • 640
 • 800
 • 1000
 • 1250
 • 1600
 • 2000
 • 2500
 • 3200

(You cannot change the 0.3EV ISO steps  )
No function
BKT Auto Bracketing number shots

 • +3F (+2x, +x, 0)
 • -3F (-2x, -x, 0)
 • +2F (+x, 0)
 • -2F (-x, 0)
 • 0F (Off)
 • 3F (3 frames +x to -x)
 • 5F (5 frames +2x to +2x)
 • 7F (7 frames +3x to +3x)
 • 9F (9 frames +4x to +4x)

(Where x = bracketing increment)
Auto Bracketing EV increment

 • 0.3 EV
 • 0.7 EV
 • 1.0 EV
Auto Bracketing WB increment

 • 1
 • 2
 • 3
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