Gentlemen - several pro laywers, including IP laywers, have been discussing this topic since 2011, applying US, UK, Indonesian and international copyright law.
They have not come to a clear conclusion.
So, with all due respect, no matter how well-substantiated your comment here is, it is nothing more than your opinion. This takes careful legal analysis and knowledge of all facts, evidence and also Slater's statements (which seem to change over time) and I doubt anybody posting a comment here has access to that.
Branko Collin: If I've learned anything from some of the arm-chair lawyers in this thread, it's that Lensrentals.com must be filthy rich by now because of all the copyrights that automatically devolve to them every time someone takes a photo with rented gear.
That is a simplistic statement. Even pro laywers have been discussing this topic for years (see linked articles above) and have not come to a unique conclusion.
But Mr Collin, who calls others armchair lawyers, obviously has figured it out...
stevens37y: Actually Slater simply could have said that he made the photos.
But then nobody would be interested in the photos. They'd just be ordinary photos.
VadymA: 202.02(b) Human author.The term "authorship" implies that, for a work to be copyrightable, it must owe its origin to a human being. Materials produced solely by nature, by plants, or by animals are not copyrightable.
How hard it is to trace the origin of the monkey's pictures to a human being after all that work the photographer has done to make it happen (planning and making a trip, living with the tribe, gaining their trust, letting them play with equipment, bringing the pictures back, processing them)? Who if not Mr. Slater is the author of those highly original pictures?How can someone claim that they were produced SOLELY BY NATUTE, BY PLANTS, or BY ANIMALS?
That is indeed a good point. If Mr. Slater would defend himself in a reasonable manner, he may be able to sue successfully.
I read, however, that he prefers to make ridiculous accusations such as:
"It's potentially being run by people with political agendas," Slater said of Wikipedia. "The people who are editing it could be a new Adolf Hitler or a new Stalin ... They're using whatever suits their agenda."
Klarno: How about a thought experiment:
Let's say you have an art installation in a museum or gallery. In the installation, you have set up a camera, and direct people visiting the installation to take a selfie with that camera. The camera is connected to a computer running a script which automatically uploads and posts each photo to a thread on Reddit. The Reddit thread is displayed on a nearby computer screen. For the record, I've seen stranger art installations.
Who, then, does the copyright of the photograph then belong to? The person who thought up and set up the installation, the gallery's curator, or the person taking the selfie?
I think intent has to be considered in copyright.
I am not sure I get your main point.
Who had the intent for an individual selfie in this scenario? The creator of the installation or the person who opted to take the selfie? Who should hold copyright?
I also wonder why it is important to route the image through Reddit instead of displaying it directly on the screen locally?
You can also argue for the images to be in the public domain as follows: let's assume the monkey had an owner. There's not much doubt that the owner would be liable for any damage the monkey causes, e.g. breaking that camera. Some could also argue that the owner of the monkey could claim copyright for the image taken by his monkey instead of the person providing the camera.
Why would the outcome of the copyright discussion depend on whether somebody owns the monkey or not? You can argue that it doesn't. The public domain will have to cover damages causes by wild monkeys, and the public domain, as the owner of a wild monkey, could also claim copyright for whatever the monkey produces.
Klarno: The photographer is the one that made the macaque selfie possible. The monkey didn't go to walmart and buy the camera, and the monkey didn't really compose any images, not knowing that any images would be captured, only seeing her reflection in the lens and hearing the sound of the shutter.
The copyright can't belong to the macaque, as the law does not provide for animals to have copyright. Nor does the macaque have power to determine whether or not any copies can be made of the photograph.
Copyright is an economic right, and if there's a profit to be made from this photograph, that right should belong to the photographer who made the photograph possible. He put himself, and the camera, in the situation where the macaque selfie ended up happening.
The only way public domain can apply in a private photographer's situation is if the copyright expires (in the UK, 70 years after the photographer's death), or the photographer chooses to place the photograph in the public domain.
So you are saying that if I pay a photographer to take my picture, I get the copyright?
That is not the case, at least where I live. You don't lose copyright simply by getting paid. It takes a contract that makes the copyright transfer explicit, and there is no such contract in the examples I gave.
That immediately leads to the following question: is the photographer the only one that made the macaque selfie possible?
Would the selfie be possible without the taxi driver that drove him to that place, the camera manufacturer that made the camera, the guy that feeds the macaque to prevent it from dying before taking the selfie, ...
It is not as easy. If the photographer can claim the copyright, others may do so as well. So to put it into the public domain is not as far-fetched as it may seem.
Do not buy ZTE phones if you want regular firmware updates.
I sent the link to the Metz web page to SAR, they posted it as news item, and now from there it made its way to dpreview. Thank me for reading this piece of news here! ;-)
Medium-format is the new full-frameFull-frame is the new APS-C
Zoron: I am getting D900...not this incremental sht....who's with me?
Don't buy a x00 release from Nikon. You got to wait for the D910.
pca7070: Made in Thailand, finally.
Isn't that thread just a tiny bit racist?
Bob Meyer: Wow. Nikon finally offers full HD recording. Maybe by 2024 they'll catch up to 4K?
@bikinichris: just because you can't play back 4K video now doesn't mean you don't want to record in that resolution today.
Individual1: Would be kinda fun shooting video through this rig. I can imagine showing up on a movie set with it and getting some interesting looks.
135mm lens on a crop body, so the actual focal length is close to 200mm.
I am not sure if that is so useful for video.
Vlad S: Can the lens be shifted or tilted? (or both)?
Yes, but only once.
lensberg: Just imagine what Canon would have been able to extract from this sensor... Lets not take anything away from the fact that the 7S has outstanding IQ in both RAW & JPEG... but nevertheless the lingering thought always remains... 12 MP seems rather passé in this day and age...
@lensberg: Canon would have extracted 12 MP from this sensor, just like Sony.
aerorail: shoot some hard scenes like snow capped mountains on a clear blue sky day with dark foreground rock/trees
Any other requests? Yes - a sample image that would win the "Inside a spaceship" challenge.
Isn't that even more ridiculous than the rebadged Sony cameras?
km25: The D4s is an improvement, the Df is a small ways behind. I love that my X-T1 does well, about a F stop away. Next is the Sony A7S.
The A7S will come out on top of every high ISO and dynamic range chart.