Since you're referring this quesiton to a photography forum, may I presume you're referring to t stop?
A T-stop(for Transmission-stops) is an f-number adjusted to account for light transmission efficiency. A lens with a T-stop of N projects an image of the same brightness as an ideal lens with 100% transmission and an f-number of N. For example, an f/2.0 lens with light transmission efficiency of 75% has a T-stop of 2.3. Since real lenses have transmission efficiencies of less than 100%, a lens's T-stop is always greater than its f-number.
Lens light transmission efficiencies of 60%-90% are typical, so T-stops are sometimes used instead of f-numbers to more accurately determine exposure, particularly when using external light meters. T-stops are often used in cinematography, where many images are seen in rapid succession and even small changes in exposure will be noticeable. Cinema camera lenses are typically calibrated in T-stops instead of F-numbers. In still photography, without the need for rigorous consistency of all lenses and cameras used, slight differences in exposure are less important.
Quite popular with singing ex-novice nuns, apparently.
f/2.8 is a smaller number than f/22 in the same way that 100 is a smaller number than 20.
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