Crop Factor, Low Light and Aperture with m4/3 lenses? Part 2

Started 3 months ago | Discussions thread
Truthiness
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Cropping an image reduces resolution, isn't it obvious?
In reply to knickerhawk, 3 months ago

knickerhawk wrote:

We're talking about cropped sensors, not cropped images.

It does not matter how you crop the image!

If you need to stretch a 1cm image to 100cm output size, the aberrations of the lens will be more visible than if you stretch a 2cm image to 100cm output size. This is obvious so it is a bit odd how someone gets the motivation to argue it.

But it's your own logic. YOU were the one who started this discussion by noting that greater magnification comes with an unavoidable resolution penalty.

I state(ed) the following, nothing more:

  1. With a perfect sensor and a lens with aberrations we will have a limited resolution which can be measured in line pairs per millimiter on the image plane.
  2. What the resolution of the output image is depends on the crop factor and can be measured in line pairs by image height.

Do you agree or disagree?

The problem is that you only applied that penalty from an interim point in the magnification (i.e. the sensor plane) to the output display plane.

Huh! The lens draws an image with finite resolution. The more you have to enlarge it, the more the aberrations will show.

You didn't account for the "penalty" incurred between the lens and the sensor (i.e., the focal length).

Huh!

A Carl Zeiss Jena 35mm f/2.4 Flektogon has 35mm focal length regardless fo the crop factor.

With ideal perfect sensors a cropped sensor will turn a lower resolution output image on perfect output device than what a full frame sensor would do because you need to enlarge the image more, thus enlarge the aberrations more too (after all, there just part of the image).

If you change the lens or the optical configuration, that is your bussiness, but has nothing to do with the point. For example by using the focal reducer you're improving the optical configuration by reducing the aberrations (for example 1µm aberration on the image with a naked lens would reduce to 0.5µm aberration with a perfect 2x focal reducer). High quality focal reducer is certainly a better option in most cases than a conventional adapter.

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