DXOMARK.com, did you notice

Started Jan 28, 2014 | Discussions thread
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Anders W
Anders W Forum Pro • Posts: 21,465
Re: DXO scores are like MTF charts

Ulric wrote:

Anders W wrote:

Ulric wrote:

Anders W wrote:

Ulric wrote:

Anders W wrote:

I see no principal reason why a 150 mm lens with an MFT image circle could not behave as a 300 mm lens with an FF image circle (at the same f-stop). What would that be?

If the comparison is performed at the same f-number across formats, the behaviour will not be the same for any non-flat scene.

I know. I just mentioned the comparison for which I'd expect pretty much the same design challenges and therefore pretty much the same performance (at any given level of ambition and until we enter serious diffraction territory for either format).

If, instead, we compare at equivalent f-stops, I'd expect FF to be ahead by an amount varying with the point at which we compare as follows: virtually nil at f/8 (MFT) versus f/16 (FF), barely noticeable at f/4 versus f/8, noticeable but not very significant at f/2 versus f/4, and pretty dramatic at f/1 versus f/2.

If the shutter speed and ambient light are also kept the same, interaction with the sensor performance should have an impact on the results. But I haven't been paying enough attention to the DxO lens tests to know if they do that or not.

I don't think they test sharpness at anything but lowest ISO with exposure appropriate for that ISO. They illuminate the target by means of flash by the way.

But for the total score (information capacity score) of a lens, they factor in its ability to accumulate light, which is a function of its max aperture (or rather actual transmission) and its image circle. In other words, the sensor size for which the lens is made enters the equation here, which amounts to a kind of "double-counting" since the same factor is taken into account when sensors are evaluated as well. If you just ignore the score and look at the individual measurements, that doesn't cause any problems though.

So if I understand correctly, this image compares images shot at different lighting conditions, meaning that the results do not really translate to e.g. shooting in available light:

If you mean that they are shot with the same exposure (same total amount of light on the sensor), yes. I am pretty sure that the sharpness results are the very best the camera-lens combo can do at the respective f-stop aperture, which implies full exposure at base ISO.

As to the 45/1.8 specifically, be aware that DxO in all likelihood didn't (and doesn't) have a perfectly copy of that lens. Look at the sharpness profile for wide open (probably f/2 as well) versus f/2.8 versus f/4 and you'll see what I mean. According to DxO, sharpness falls rather than increases (especially at the edges IIRC) when the lens is stopped down to f/2.8. That shouldn't be the case for a healthy copy and certainly isn't for mine. The fact that they appear to have a so-so copy of course make the sharpness values suspect in general.

Based on the reports that I have seen here, there is considerable sample variation for this particular lens. Lenstip apparently got a good copy and I think their figures are pretty much in line with those you can expect when everything is in order. My own copy is good as well, so good that it matches what my 75/1.8 delivers if only I stop down the 45/1.8 an inkling more than the 75. The first copy I tried, however, was less than perfect, as you can see here:


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Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1 Olympus OM-D E-M5 Olympus E-M1 Panasonic Lumix G Vario 14-45mm F3.5-5.6 ASPH OIS Panasonic Lumix G Vario 7-14mm F4 ASPH +28 more
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